Abstract

A new mode of operation has been discovered that permits a laser to operate simultaneously at three wavelengths; two have gain and the third occurs at the sum frequency. A Nd:YAG laser operated in this way generates output at 1319, 1064, and 589 nm. This laser has been mode locked and its dynamics studied.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. A. Schulz, T. H. Jeys, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 372.
  2. T. R. Loree, L. M. Sherman, J. M. Thorne, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 371 (9175).
  3. G. A. Henderson, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 5451 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.
  5. K. Stankov, Opt. Lett. 14, 51 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1975), p. 455.
  9. T. H. Jeys, A. A. Brailove, A. Mooradian, Appl. Opt. 28, 2588 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

G. A. Henderson, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 5451 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

1973 (1)

C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bethea, C. G.

C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Brailove, A. A.

Brookman, J. S.

H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.

Henderson, G. A.

G. A. Henderson, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 5451 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jeys, T. H.

T. H. Jeys, A. A. Brailove, A. Mooradian, Appl. Opt. 28, 2588 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Schulz, T. H. Jeys, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 372.

Juhala, R. E.

H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.

Loree, T. R.

T. R. Loree, L. M. Sherman, J. M. Thorne, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 371 (9175).

Mooradian, A.

Schulz, P. A.

P. A. Schulz, T. H. Jeys, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 372.

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sherman, L. M.

T. R. Loree, L. M. Sherman, J. M. Thorne, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 371 (9175).

Stankov, K.

Thompson, D. A.

H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.

Thorne, J. M.

T. R. Loree, L. M. Sherman, J. M. Thorne, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 371 (9175).

Tomaschke, H. E.

H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1975), p. 455.

Ye, Q. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, Q. J. Ye, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 20 (1990);H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. G. Bethea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 254 (1973).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Loree, L. M. Sherman, J. M. Thorne, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 371 (9175).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. A. Henderson, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 5451 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

P. A. Schulz, T. H. Jeys, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 372.

H. E. Tomaschke, G. A. Henderson, D. A. Thompson, J. S. Brookman, R. E. Juhala, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 252.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1975), p. 455.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the three-wavelength interconversion laser. The KTP crystal is cut and oriented for phase matching to generate the sum frequency, 589 nm, from 1064 and 1319 nm. The Nd:YAG crystal is pumped by flash lamps to provide gain at 1064 and 1319 nm. The two lenses have −15- and +40-cm focal lengths and are separated by approximately 25 cm. The total cavity length is 1.3 m.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal profiles of 1319-nm (upper trace) and 589-nm (lower trace) radiation. The relaxation oscillations during flash-lamp pumping are shown. The time scale is 2 μs/division.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detail of a single relaxation oscillation for 1319-nm (upper trace) and 589-nm (lower trace) radiation. The time scale is 50 ns/division.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Further detail showing 1064-nm (upper trace) and 589-nm (lower trace) radiation. The time scale is 10 ns/division. The 1064-nm radiation trace shows increasing intensity downward. A 0.3-GHz InGaAs photodiode detected the 1064-nm radiation, and a 1-GHz silicon photodiode detected the 589-nm radiation.

Equations (2)

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χ u χ d R 1 R 4 G 1 2 > 1 ,
χ u χ d = sin 4 ( k E 2 l / 2 ) ,

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