Abstract

We demonstrate how optical pulse trains generated through active mode locking can propagate strictly linearly over many thousands of kilometers of dispersive fiber without significant pulse broadening. The technique relies on the highly coherent modes that constitute a mode-locked pulse. The generated optical pulses are recreated at certain distances given by the fiber dispersion and the pulse repetition rate.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, M. J. Neubelt, S. G. Evangelides, J. P. Gordon, J. R. Simpson, L. G. Cohen, Opt. Lett. 15, 1203 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (2)

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Andrekson, P. A.

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

Evangelides, S. G.

Gordon, J. P.

Logan, R. A.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Neubelt, M. J.

Olsson, N. A.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, M. J. Neubelt, S. G. Evangelides, J. P. Gordon, J. R. Simpson, L. G. Cohen, Opt. Lett. 15, 1203 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanbun-Ek, T.

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wecht, K. W.

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. A. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, Electron. Lett. 27, 695 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1132 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Streak camera measurements of a 4-GHz mode-locked pulse train at several propagation distances. The pulses are recreated approximately every 3000 km. The fiber dispersion over 9000 km is 21.6 ns/nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detected electrical signals at 4 and 8 GHz as a function of distance. The horizontal scale is 5 ms (or approximately 1000 km)/division, and the vertical scale is 5 dB/division. The peak locations of the 4-GHz signal correspond to distances at which the mode-locked pulses are recreated.

Equations (2)

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L r = c / ( D f rep 2 λ 2 ) ,
L max = c / [ ( N 1 ) π D f rep λ 2 δ ν m ] .

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