Abstract

We have observed a stimulated thermal-scattering-mediated self-starting phase-conjugation effect in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal. The buildup time was observed to be in the millisecond range for an input laser power of the order of 0.4 W. Because of the broadband birefringence of nematic liquid crystals, it is expected that the effect could be realized over the spectral regime from the visible to the infrared.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Ya. Zeldovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation, Vol. 42 of Optical Sciences Series (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).
  2. K. D. Ridley, A. M. Scott, Opt. Commun. 76, 406 (1990); Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 1, 563 (1992).See also R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic, New York, 1992).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. J. Gaeta, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 14, 245 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Vallet, M. Pinard, G. Grynberg, Opt. Lett. 16, 1071 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Groupe D'Etudes Des Cristaux Liquides (Orsay, France), J. Chem. Phys. 51, 816 (1969).
  8. I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2273 (1990).See also B. Ya. Zel'dovich, N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 30, 478 (1979).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988); I. C. Khoo, P. Y. Yan, G. M. Finn, T. H. Liu, R. R. Michael, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 202 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  10. I. C. Khoo, S. T. Wu, optics and Nonlinear optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993).
  11. A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Commun. 79, 373 (1990); I. C. Khoo, N. Beldyugina, Hong Li, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, Opt. Lett. 18, 473 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (3)

K. D. Ridley, A. M. Scott, Opt. Commun. 76, 406 (1990); Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 1, 563 (1992).See also R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic, New York, 1992).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2273 (1990).See also B. Ya. Zel'dovich, N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 30, 478 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Commun. 79, 373 (1990); I. C. Khoo, N. Beldyugina, Hong Li, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, Opt. Lett. 18, 473 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988); I. C. Khoo, P. Y. Yan, G. M. Finn, T. H. Liu, R. R. Michael, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 202 (1988).
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

Groupe D'Etudes Des Cristaux Liquides (Orsay, France), J. Chem. Phys. 51, 816 (1969).

Cronin-Golomb, M.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, C. J.

Grynberg, G.

Huignard, J. P.

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988); I. C. Khoo, P. Y. Yan, G. M. Finn, T. H. Liu, R. R. Michael, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 202 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kayoun, P. H.

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988); I. C. Khoo, P. Y. Yan, G. M. Finn, T. H. Liu, R. R. Michael, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 202 (1988).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2273 (1990).See also B. Ya. Zel'dovich, N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 30, 478 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, S. T. Wu, optics and Nonlinear optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993).

Lam, J. F.

Lind, R. C.

Mamaev, A. V.

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Commun. 79, 373 (1990); I. C. Khoo, N. Beldyugina, Hong Li, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, Opt. Lett. 18, 473 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pilipetsky, N. F.

B. Ya. Zeldovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation, Vol. 42 of Optical Sciences Series (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).

Pinard, M.

Ridley, K. D.

K. D. Ridley, A. M. Scott, Opt. Commun. 76, 406 (1990); Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 1, 563 (1992).See also R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic, New York, 1992).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988); I. C. Khoo, P. Y. Yan, G. M. Finn, T. H. Liu, R. R. Michael, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 202 (1988).
[Crossref]

Scott, A. M.

K. D. Ridley, A. M. Scott, Opt. Commun. 76, 406 (1990); Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 1, 563 (1992).See also R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic, New York, 1992).
[Crossref]

Shkunov, V. V.

B. Ya. Zeldovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation, Vol. 42 of Optical Sciences Series (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).

Vallet, M.

White, J. O.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

I. C. Khoo, S. T. Wu, optics and Nonlinear optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993).

Yariv, A.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

Zeldovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zeldovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation, Vol. 42 of Optical Sciences Series (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).

Zozulya, A. A.

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Commun. 79, 373 (1990); I. C. Khoo, N. Beldyugina, Hong Li, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, Opt. Lett. 18, 473 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, J. O. White, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12 (1984); Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 919 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, J. P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988); I. C. Khoo, P. Y. Yan, G. M. Finn, T. H. Liu, R. R. Michael, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 202 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

Groupe D'Etudes Des Cristaux Liquides (Orsay, France), J. Chem. Phys. 51, 816 (1969).

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. D. Ridley, A. M. Scott, Opt. Commun. 76, 406 (1990); Int. J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 1, 563 (1992).See also R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic, New York, 1992).
[Crossref]

A. V. Mamaev, A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Commun. 79, 373 (1990); I. C. Khoo, N. Beldyugina, Hong Li, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, Opt. Lett. 18, 473 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2273 (1990).See also B. Ya. Zel'dovich, N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 30, 478 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

B. Ya. Zeldovich, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, in Principles of Phase Conjugation, Vol. 42 of Optical Sciences Series (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985).

I. C. Khoo, S. T. Wu, optics and Nonlinear optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup for self-starting phase conjugation. L, focusing lens; M, mirror. (b) The wave-vector phase-matching diagram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of the phase-conjugated signal (arrows) and ordinary reflection: (a) at low power (<0.2 mW) no signal appears; (b) at a higher power (>0.2 mW) a signal appears. Double reflections are due to the glass-slide beam splitter that we used.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Oscilloscope traces of the time evolution of the phase-conjugated signal for an input square pulse. (b) The plot of the buildup time as a function of the input laser power. TcT = 3.6 °C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plot of the buildup time as a function of the temperature vicinity Tc.

Equations (1)

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Δ n max = α Λ 2 4 π 2 ρ 0 C p D d n d T I .

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