Abstract

Transitions between excited states of laser-cooled and laser-trapped rubidium and cesium atoms are probed by use of fiber and diode lasers. High-resolution Doppler-free spectra are detected by observation of the absorption and fluorescence of light from the intermediate level of two-step cascade systems. The optical double-resonance spectra show Autler–Townes splitting in the weak probe limit and more complicated spectra for a strongly coupled three-level system.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. L. Hall, M. Zhu, P. Buch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2194 (1989);W. Ertmer, S. Penselin, Metrologia 22, 195 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. Monroe, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Opt. Lett. 16, 50 (1991);A. Clairon, C. Salomon, S. Guellati, W. D. Phillips, Europhys. Lett. 16, 165 (1991);K. Gibble, S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1771 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 18, 1186 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. S. L. Gilbert, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 146 (1993).
  11. S. L. Gilbert, Opt. Lett. 16, 150 (1991).
    [PubMed]
  12. D. J. Wineland, W. M. Itano, Phys. Lett. 82A, 75 (1981).
  13. S. H. Autler, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955);R. M. Whitley, C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1498 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. L. Picque, J. Pinard, J. Phys. B 9, L77 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  15. P. R. Hemmer, B. W. Peuse, F. Y. Wu, J. E. Thomas, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 531 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

S. L. Gilbert, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 146 (1993).

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 18, 1186 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (3)

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Monroe, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Opt. Lett. 16, 50 (1991);A. Clairon, C. Salomon, S. Guellati, W. D. Phillips, Europhys. Lett. 16, 165 (1991);K. Gibble, S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1771 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Gilbert, Opt. Lett. 16, 150 (1991).
[PubMed]

1990 (1)

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (2)

1976 (2)

J. L. Picque, J. Pinard, J. Phys. B 9, L77 (1976).
[Crossref]

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[Crossref]

1955 (1)

S. H. Autler, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955);R. M. Whitley, C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1498 (1976).
[Crossref]

Autler, S. H.

S. H. Autler, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955);R. M. Whitley, C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1498 (1976).
[Crossref]

Bergquist, J. C.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bordé, C. J.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[Crossref]

Buch, P.

Cable, A.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courtois, J.

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eisner, F.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ezekiel, S.

Gilbert, S. L.

S. L. Gilbert, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 146 (1993).

S. L. Gilbert, Opt. Lett. 16, 150 (1991).
[PubMed]

Grison, D.

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grynberg, G.

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

Hemmer, P. R.

Hummer, D. G.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[Crossref]

Itano, W. M.

D. J. Wineland, W. M. Itano, Phys. Lett. 82A, 75 (1981).

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kunasz, C. V.

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[Crossref]

Lindquist, K.

K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lounis, B.

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monroe, C.

Oates, C. W.

Peuse, B. W.

Picque, J. L.

J. L. Picque, J. Pinard, J. Phys. B 9, L77 (1976).
[Crossref]

Pinard, J.

J. L. Picque, J. Pinard, J. Phys. B 9, L77 (1976).
[Crossref]

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raizen, M. G.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Robinson, H.

Salomon, C.

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stephens, M.

K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swann, W.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, J. E.

Townes, C. H.

S. H. Autler, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955);R. M. Whitley, C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1498 (1976).
[Crossref]

Wieman, C.

Wineland, D. J.

D. J. Wineland, W. M. Itano, Phys. Lett. 82A, 75 (1981).

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wu, F. Y.

Zhu, M.

Europhys. Lett. (1)

D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991);J. Tabosa, G. Chan, H. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);L. Hilco, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, Europhys. Lett. 18, 685 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

J. L. Picque, J. Pinard, J. Phys. B 9, L77 (1976).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. J. Wineland, W. M. Itano, Phys. Lett. 82A, 75 (1981).

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. H. Autler, C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955);R. M. Whitley, C. R. Stroud, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1498 (1976).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

K. Lindquist, M. Stephens, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. A 46, 4082 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Bordé, J. L. Hall, C. V. Kunasz, D. G. Hummer, Phys. Rev. A 14, 236 (1976).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

S. L. Gilbert, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 146 (1993).

Other (1)

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Eisner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light Induced Kinetic Effects in Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, ed. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291;W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Demelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of relevant energy levels of cesium (133Cs) and rubidium (87Rb) with the trapping–cooling (t), repumping (r), and probe (p) transitions indicated.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Rubidium line shape showing the derivative of the 780-nm fluorescence signal as the 1.529-μm fiber laser was scanned through the 5P3/2, F = 3 → 4D5/2, F = 4, 3, and 2 transitions. The trapping laser detuning was −11 ± 1 MHz, and the Rabi frequency was 8.5 ± 0.5 MHz. The fiber-laser intensity was 0.7 ± 0.2 mW/cm2. (b) Cesium absorption at 658.8 nm as a function of the probe laser frequency for various trap laser detunings. We improved the signal-to-noise ratio by averaging 200 scans at each detuning. The large peaks on successive lines were aligned to display clearly the change in splitting.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical cesium-absorption line shape and experimental data points for 9-MHz detuning of the trapping laser and a Rabi frequency of 11 MHz. The experimental data show sidebands at 4 and 54 MHz that result from 25-MHz modulation of the probe laser. These sidebands are used for determining the frequency scale.

Metrics