Abstract

The intensity noise and turn-on delay jitter of laser diodes with optical feedback from a phase-conjugate mirror are investigated numerically. Low levels of phase-conjugate optical feedback cause a small intensity noise reduction in semiconductor lasers. The behavior of the intensity noise for increased phase-conjugate feedback is shown to be different than that for increased conventional-mirror feedback.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 271.
  2. K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 250.
    [Crossref]
  3. G. P. Agrawal, J. T. Klaus, Opt. Lett. 16, 1325 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. G. H. M. van Tartwijk, H. J. C. van der Linden, D. Lenstra, Opt. Lett. 17, 1590 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5891 (1992).
  6. K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Ohtsu, I. Koshiishi, Y. Teramachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, L2060 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. McCarthy, D. Gay, Opt. Lett. 16, 1004 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. L. N. Langley, K. A. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS36.
  10. G. P. Agrawal, D. Huang, G. R. Gray, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWJ43.

1992 (2)

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

M. Ohtsu, I. Koshiishi, Y. Teramachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, L2060 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5891 (1992).

G. P. Agrawal, J. T. Klaus, Opt. Lett. 16, 1325 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 271.

G. P. Agrawal, D. Huang, G. R. Gray, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWJ43.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 271.

Gay, D.

Gray, G. R.

G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5891 (1992).

G. P. Agrawal, D. Huang, G. R. Gray, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWJ43.

Huang, D.

G. P. Agrawal, D. Huang, G. R. Gray, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWJ43.

Klaus, J. T.

Koshiishi, I.

M. Ohtsu, I. Koshiishi, Y. Teramachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, L2060 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kwong, S. K.

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kyuma, K.

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Langley, L. N.

L. N. Langley, K. A. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS36.

Lau, K. Y.

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Lenstra, D.

McCarthy, N.

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu, I. Koshiishi, Y. Teramachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, L2060 (1990).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 250.
[Crossref]

Shore, K. A.

L. N. Langley, K. A. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS36.

Teramachi, Y.

M. Ohtsu, I. Koshiishi, Y. Teramachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, L2060 (1990).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K.

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

van der Linden, H. J. C.

van Tartwijk, G. H. M.

Yariv, A.

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Vahala, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S. K. Kwong, M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1563 (1986).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Ohtsu, I. Koshiishi, Y. Teramachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, L2060 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5891 (1992).

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 271.

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), p. 250.
[Crossref]

L. N. Langley, K. A. Shore, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS36.

G. P. Agrawal, D. Huang, G. R. Gray, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWJ43.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative intensity noise (RIN) for both conventional-mirror and phase-conjugate-mirror (PCM) optical feedback versus increasing external reflectivity (τ = 2 ns).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power PDF's with and without phase-conjugate optical feedback (I/Ith = 2.0, Rext = 2 × 10−6, τ = 2 ns).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reduction of RIN owing to phase-conjugate optical feedback. (I/Ith = 2.0, τ = 2 ns).

Equations (4)

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d d t N ( t ) = I ( t ) e ( V ) N ( t ) τ e G | E ( t ) | 2 ,
d d t E ( t ) = i ( ω 0 Ω ) + 1 2 ( G 1 τ p ) ( 1 i α ) E ( t ) + κ E * ( t τ ) exp ( i Φ PCM ) .
G = G N [ ( N ( t ) N 0 ] [ 1 | E ( t ) | 2 ] ,
κ = η ( 1 R ) τ L ( R ext R ) 1 / 2 .

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