Abstract

We have developed a system that provides monotonic tuning of the higher-order frequency-dependent phase of ultrashort laser pulses. This technique utilizes geometric aberrations that arise from adjustments to the relative alignment of the elements of an air-spaced doublet lens. In a system such as a diffraction-grating stretcher, the spectral components of the optical pulses are spatially dispersed, and lens aberrations introduce frequency-dependent phase shifts. A numerical model of a general chirped-pulsed amplification system has been developed and verified by comparison with experimental and analytical results. Numerical results indicating that higher-order phase terms can be compensated by a properly adjusted air-spaced doublet design within the pulse stretcher are presented.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. H. Reitze, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1260 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1987).
  6. E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).
  7. J. D. Kmetec, J. J. Macklin, J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 16, 1001 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. E. White, H. Nathel, R. J. Blair, R. W. Falcone, Opt. Lett. 16, 1406 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. E. White, J. R. Hunter, L. Van Woerkom, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 17, 1069 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Le Blanc, G. Grillion, J. P. Chambaret, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 18, 140 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, R. N. Thurston, M. Stern, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.
  12. B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

D. H. Reitze, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1260 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. E. White, J. R. Hunter, L. Van Woerkom, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 17, 1069 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1988 (2)

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1987).

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Blair, R. J.

Chambaret, J. P.

Chase, E. W.

J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, R. N. Thurston, M. Stern, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

Ditmire, T.

W. E. White, J. R. Hunter, L. Van Woerkom, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 17, 1069 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

Gordon, S.

Grillion, G.

Hamster, H.

Heritage, J. P.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, R. N. Thurston, M. Stern, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

Hunter, J. R.

W. E. White, J. R. Hunter, L. Van Woerkom, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 17, 1069 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kirschner, E. M.

Kmetec, J. D.

Laird, D. E.

D. H. Reitze, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1260 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Lemoff, B. E.

B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Macklin, J. J.

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1987).

Migus, A.

Mourou, G.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nathel, H.

Perry, M. D.

W. E. White, J. R. Hunter, L. Van Woerkom, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 17, 1069 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

D. H. Reitze, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1260 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stern, M.

J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, R. N. Thurston, M. Stern, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

Thurston, R. N.

J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, R. N. Thurston, M. Stern, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).

Van Woerkom, L.

W. E. White, J. R. Hunter, L. Van Woerkom, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 17, 1069 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

D. H. Reitze, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1260 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563 (1988).
[CrossRef]

White, W. E.

Young, J. F.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. H. Reitze, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Laird, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1260 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454 (1987).

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 59 (1987).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

J. P. Heritage, E. W. Chase, R. N. Thurston, M. Stern, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuB3.

B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of a dispersive pulse stretcher with an adjustable air-spaced doublet lens for frequency-dependent phase correction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated phase and pulse intensity profile for a 100-fs pulse propagating through an uncompensated stretcher, amplifier, and pulse compressor. In this example, FOM3 = 0.73 and FOM4 = 5.25.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated phase and intensity profile for a 100-fs pulse propagating through our dispersion-compensated stretcher, amplifier, and pulse compressor. In this example, FOM3 = −0.000282 and FOM4 = −0.0000831.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Third- and fourth-order FOM as a function of (a) third-order adjustment and (b) fourth-order adjustment. Displacements (horizontal axis) are in micrometers.

Equations (1)

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ϕ ( ω ) = ϕ 0 + ϕ 1 ( ω - ω 0 ) + ϕ 2 ( ω - ω 0 ) 2 + ϕ 3 ( ω - ω 0 ) 3 + ϕ 4 ( ω - ω 0 ) 4 + .

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