Abstract

We present, for biased InP emitters, the dependence of the generated terahertz radiation on bias field and optical fluence for optical fluences of 0.01–1.0 mJ/cm2 and bias fields as high as 12 kV/cm. The radiated electric field scales linearly with the bias field up to 12 kV/cm and exhibits monotonic saturation behavior, radiating half the maximum field at an excitation fluence of 0.058 mJ/cm2.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 25 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. I. Greene, J. F. Federici, D. R. Dykaar, A. F. J. Levi, L. Pfeiffer, Opt. Lett. 16, 48 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. D. You, R. R. Jones, D. R. Dykaar, P. H. Bucksbaum, Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. R. Jones, D. You, P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. P. Roberts, P. K. Benicewicz, A. J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 90, 287 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. J. Taylor, P. K Benicewicz, S. M. Young, Opt.Lett. 18, 1340 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
    [Crossref]

1993 (3)

R. R. Jones, D. You, P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. J. Taylor, P. K Benicewicz, S. M. Young, Opt.Lett. 18, 1340 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. You, R. R. Jones, D. R. Dykaar, P. H. Bucksbaum, Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (4)

B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
[Crossref]

N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. P. Roberts, P. K. Benicewicz, A. J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 90, 287 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

Auston, D. H.

N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 25 (1991).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

Benicewicz, P. K

A. J. Taylor, P. K Benicewicz, S. M. Young, Opt.Lett. 18, 1340 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benicewicz, P. K.

J. P. Roberts, P. K. Benicewicz, A. J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 90, 287 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

Chuang, S. L.

B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
[Crossref]

Darrow, J. T.

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 25 (1991).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

Dykaar, D. R.

Federici, J. F.

Froberg, N. M.

N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Greene, B. I.

B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
[Crossref]

B. I. Greene, J. F. Federici, D. R. Dykaar, A. F. J. Levi, L. Pfeiffer, Opt. Lett. 16, 48 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, B. B.

N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

Jones, R. R.

Levi, A. F. J.

Morse, J. D.

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, L.

Roberts, J. P.

J. P. Roberts, P. K. Benicewicz, A. J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 90, 287 (1992).
[Crossref]

Saeta, P. N.

B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
[Crossref]

SchmittRink, S.

B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
[Crossref]

Smith, P. R.

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

A. J. Taylor, P. K Benicewicz, S. M. Young, Opt.Lett. 18, 1340 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Roberts, P. K. Benicewicz, A. J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 90, 287 (1992).
[Crossref]

You, D.

Young, S. M.

A. J. Taylor, P. K Benicewicz, S. M. Young, Opt.Lett. 18, 1340 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
[Crossref]

N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 25 (1991).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 886 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 25 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

N. M. Froberg, B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2291 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. T. Darrow, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, J. D. Morse, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1607 (1992).
[Crossref]

B. I. Greene, P. N. Saeta, D. R. Dykaar, S. SchmittRink, S. L. Chuang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2302 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. P. Roberts, P. K. Benicewicz, A. J. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 90, 287 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt.Lett. (1)

A. J. Taylor, P. K Benicewicz, S. M. Young, Opt.Lett. 18, 1340 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. R. Jones, D. You, P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for the generation and detection of terahertz radiation from biased large-aperture emitters. BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Radiated electric field Er(t) from InP (100) emitter with F = 0.65 mJ/cm2 and Eb = 8 kV/cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Er,peak versus Eb for F = 0.012, 0.065, 0.11, 0.24, and 1.0 mJ/cm2. The solid lines are zero-intercept linear fits to the data.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Er,peak/Eb versus F for Eb = 2, 6, 10, and 12 kV/cm. The solid curves are fits of relation (4) to the data, with D = 0.11 and F0 = 0.058 mJ/cm2.

Equations (5)

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E r ( t ) = - C E b ( F / F 0 ) exp ( - t 2 / τ 2 ) [ π + ( F / F 0 ) - t / τ exp ( - x 2 ) d x ] 2 ,
C = A n 2 π 0 c 2 η 0 τ z ,             F 0 = ( 1 + n ) h ν e ( 1 - R ) μ η 0 ,
E r , peak = 1 τ d t p E r ( t ) exp [ - ( t - t p ) / τ d ] d t ,
E r , peak - D E b F / F 0 1 + F / F 0 ,
D = A n 4 π 0 c 2 η 0 τ d z .

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