Abstract

Optical fiber Bragg reflectors have been written by irradiating the fiber from the side through a phase mask with a single pulse of high-power 249-nm excimer-laser light. Efficient tapping of light to the radiation modes has been achieved for light at wavelengths shorter than the Bragg wavelength. The photoinduced periodic refractive-index perturbations have been observed directly with an optical microscope and are shown to have the same period as the phase mask and to be highly localized on one side, the irradiated side of the fiber core–cladding boundary.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.
  3. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. G. Askins, T.-E. Tsai, G. M. Williams, M. A. Putman, M. Bashkansky, E. J. Friebele, Opt. Lett. 17, 833 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-14, pp. 60–63.
  9. I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (2)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abe, M.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Albert, J.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Archambault, J.-L.

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-14, pp. 60–63.

Askins, C. G.

Bashkansky, M.

Bennion, I.

I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Friebele, E. J.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

Hibino, Y.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Kawachi, M.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

Meltz, G.

Morey, W. W.

Putman, M. A.

Reekie, L.

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-14, pp. 60–63.

Reid, D. C. J.

I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rowe, C. J.

I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-14, pp. 60–63.

Skinner, I.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T.-E.

Williams, G. M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

I. Bennion, D. C. J. Reid, C. J. Rowe, W. J. Stewart, Electron. Lett. 22, 341 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, Electron. Lett. 26, 1270 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, J. Albert, D. C. Johnson, Y. Hibino, M. Abe, M. Kawachi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-15, pp. 64–67.

L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-14, pp. 60–63.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectrum of a Bragg reflector with a peak reflectivity of 99.5%.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of a Bragg reflector with a peak reflectivity of 80% in spectral region 1525 to 1545 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectrum of the Bragg reflector as in Fig. 2 extended over the spectral range 600 to 1600 nm but with a lower resolution than in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photographic image of photoinduced perturbations (dark parallel fringes) as seen through an optical microscope. Spacing between lines in image corresponds to the 1060-nm period of the phase grating.

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