Abstract

We demonstrate selective fixing of volume holograms in photorefractive media. Each holographic page may be fixed individually and overwritten without destroying the other fixed pages. We present experimental results describing this process in Cr-doped Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6 at room temperature, with hologram lifetimes exceeding 100 days during continuous readout with an intense beam (1 W/cm2).

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, J. Phys. D 21, 1556 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. R. Volk, Phys. Status Solidi A 45, 249 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 71 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Micheron, J. C. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Qiao, S. Orlov, D. Psaltis, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 18, 1004 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. W. McCahon, D. Rytz, G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, B. A. Wechsler, Appl. Opt. 28, 1967 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Leyva, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 16, 554 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Kewitsch, M. Segev, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Lett. 18, 534 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. B. Thaxter, M. Kestigian, Appl. Opt. 13, 913 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (3)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, J. Phys. D 21, 1556 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. R. Volk, Phys. Status Solidi A 45, 249 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

F. Micheron, J. C. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Thaxter, M. Kestigian, Appl. Opt. 13, 913 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1973 (1)

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A.

Amodei, J. J.

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bekker, A.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bismuth, G.

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herriau, J. P.

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kestigian, M.

Kewitsch, A.

Klein, M. B.

Kovalevich, V. I.

V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. R. Volk, Phys. Status Solidi A 45, 249 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

Matull, R.

R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, J. Phys. D 21, 1556 (1988).
[CrossRef]

McCahon, S. W.

Micheron, F.

J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, J. C. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R.

Orlov, S.

Psaltis, D.

Qiao, Y.

Rupp, R. A.

R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, J. Phys. D 21, 1556 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

Segev, M.

Shuvalov, L. A.

V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. R. Volk, Phys. Status Solidi A 45, 249 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D. L.

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Thaxter, J. B.

Trotier, J. C.

F. Micheron, J. C. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Volk, T. R.

V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. R. Volk, Phys. Status Solidi A 45, 249 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

Yariv, A.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. J. Amodei, D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 256 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

F. Micheron, J. C. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

R. Matull, R. A. Rupp, J. Phys. D 21, 1556 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

V. I. Kovalevich, L. A. Shuvalov, T. R. Volk, Phys. Status Solidi A 45, 249 (1978).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency of the fixed hologram during an extended writing process, illustrating the monotonic increase in diffraction efficiency (sample A).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the time response of the dynamic (written and read out with a low-intensity beam of 100 mW/cm2) and fixed (written and read out with a high-intensity beam of 4 W/cm2) readout processes (sample B). The inset shows the diffraction efficiency of the fixed hologram during an extended readout process under intense illumination (sample A).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Selective overwriting of a single angle-multiplexed volume hologram: Hologram (c) is overwritten with (f), leaving (a) and (b) slightly degraded as (d) and (e) (sample A).

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