Abstract

We report a 103 increase in efficiency of second-harmonic generation in Tm3+-doped aluminosilicate glass fibers when the wavelength of the fundamental beam is tuned to the maximum of the 3H63F4 absorption of Tm3+ at 785 nm. This result shows the role of resonance enhancement in the nonlinear optical process that is responsible for the formation of the χ(2) grating.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. For a review of this subject and the published literature until 1989 seeR. H. Stolen, in Nonlinear Waves in Solid-State Physics, A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, M. Bertolotti, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990).
  2. D. M. Krol, J. R. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1650 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).
  4. T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).
  5. M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, L. J. PoyntzWright, L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 14, 748 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 16, 1487 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazanskii, D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Ya. Zel’dovich, A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).
  9. D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 16, 796 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. H. Stolen, H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. M. Varma, D. M. Krol, Opt. Commun. 93, 339 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. W. France, M. C. Brierley, in Optical Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers, P. France, ed. (Blackie, London, 1991), p. 189.
  13. A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. M. Lawandy, R. L. MacDonald, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1307 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C. M. Varma, D. M. Krol, Opt. Commun. 93, 339 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (6)

1990 (2)

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazanskii, D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

M. E. Fermann, L. Li, M. C. Farries, L. J. PoyntzWright, L. Dong, Opt. Lett. 14, 748 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

Ainslie, B. J.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

Brierley, M. C.

P. W. France, M. C. Brierley, in Optical Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers, P. France, ed. (Blackie, London, 1991), p. 189.

Carvalho, I. C. S.

Chudinov, A. N.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Craig-Ryan, S. P.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, C. B.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazanskii, D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Driscoll, T. J.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

Farries, M. C.

Fermann, M. E.

France, P. W.

P. W. France, M. C. Brierley, in Optical Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers, P. France, ed. (Blackie, London, 1991), p. 189.

Gomes, A. S. L.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kazanskii, P. G.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazanskii, D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Killian, A.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

Krol, D. M.

Lawandy, N. M.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

N. M. Lawandy, R. L. MacDonald, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

MacDonald, R. L.

Margulis, W.

Mizrahi, V.

Morse, T. F.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

Percival, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

PoyntzWright, L. J.

Rienhart, L.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

Simpson, J. R.

Sipe, J. E.

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Yu.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazanskii, D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For a review of this subject and the published literature until 1989 seeR. H. Stolen, in Nonlinear Waves in Solid-State Physics, A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, M. Bertolotti, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990).

Tom, H. W. K.

Townsend, J. E.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Varma, C. M.

C. M. Varma, D. M. Krol, Opt. Commun. 93, 339 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig-Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 78, 187 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Varma, D. M. Krol, Opt. Commun. 93, 339 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazanskii, D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

For a review of this subject and the published literature until 1989 seeR. H. Stolen, in Nonlinear Waves in Solid-State Physics, A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, M. Bertolotti, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990).

P. W. France, M. C. Brierley, in Optical Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers, P. France, ed. (Blackie, London, 1991), p. 189.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical absorption spectrum of a Tm-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber (fiber 1, 4-ppm Tm). The peak marked with * is due to Er impurities (≈0.1 ppm).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SH intensity as a function of seeding time. ω = 860 nm (□), 790 nm (△), and 735 nm (●) for fibei 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical absorption spectrum of a Tm-doped aluminosilicate fiber (solid curve) and wavelength dependence of the induced SHG for fiber 1 (●) and fiber 2 (*).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Normalized SH Powers in a Tm-Doped (Fiber 1) and Undoped Aluminosilicate Fibera

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ ( 2 ) = α 2 κ E ω 2 E 2 ω ,
I SH / I ω , p 2 = [ χ ( 2 ) ] 2 = α 4 κ 2 I ω , w 2 I 2 ω , w ,
SH norm = I SH / ( I ω , w 2 I 2 ω , w I ω , p 2 ) = α 4 κ 2 .

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