Abstract

We have demonstrated self-sustaining operation of a mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser in which short-pulse formation is entirely due to the nonlinearity of the laser crystal. Stable pulse trains are generated for intracavity pulse energies from 35 to 120 nJ. Pulses less than 100 fs in duration are obtained over the range of 1.23–1.28 μm, with a maximum average output power of 700 mW for 9 W of pump power.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. For a recent overview, seeL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992).
  3. A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 16, 1668 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, Opt. Lett. 17, 1216 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Sennaroglu, C. R. Pollock, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 18, 826 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ATuD4, p. 227.
  8. V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.
  9. Y. Pang, F. Wise, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 841 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. We observe similar fluctuations in the output of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser when it is pumped by a noisy argon laser.
  12. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 23–25.

1993 (1)

1992 (6)

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, Opt. Lett. 17, 1216 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pang, F. Wise, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

Alfano, R. R.

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 16, 1668 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ATuD4, p. 227.

Baryshevski, V. G.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Brabec, T.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carrig, T. J.

A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, Opt. Lett. 17, 1216 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 23–25.

Curley, P. F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fermann, M. E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

Khorzhik, M. V.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Kimaev, A. E.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lifshitz, M. G.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Meilman, M. L.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Minkov, B. I.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Mishkel, I. I.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Nathel, H.

Ober, M. H.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Y.

Y. Pang, F. Wise, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petricevic, V.

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 16, 1668 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ATuD4, p. 227.

Pollock, C. R.

A. Sennaroglu, C. R. Pollock, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 18, 826 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, Opt. Lett. 17, 1216 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 23–25.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Seas, A.

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 16, 1668 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ATuD4, p. 227.

Sennaroglu, A.

Shkadarevich, A. P.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, Ch.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tarasov, A. A.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

Wintner, E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Y. Pang, F. Wise, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Pang, F. Wise, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

T. J. Carrig, C. R. Pollock, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 23–25.

We observe similar fluctuations in the output of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser when it is pumped by a noisy argon laser.

For a recent overview, seeL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992).

A. Seas, V. Petričević, R. R. Alfano, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper ATuD4, p. 227.

V. G. Baryshevski, M. V. Khorzhik, M. G. Lifshitz, A. A. Tarasov, A. E. Kimaev, I. I. Mishkel, M. L. Meilman, B. I. Minkov, A. P. Shkadarevich, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 26–34.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the self-mode-locked Cr:forsterite laser: M’s, mirrors; OC, output coupler; P1, P2, intracavity prisms; L, lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured interferometric autocorrelations, (b) laser spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Mode-locked pulse train recorded by a fast photodiode. The time scale is 2 ms/division.

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