Abstract

A wavelength-division-multiplexed data-gathering network that uses a distributed fiber amplifier bus is demonstrated. A prototype, which is suitable for simultaneous data transmission and wavelength multiplexing of sensors, has been constructed based on lightly doped erbium fiber and fiber Bragg reflection gratings. The potential size to which such a network can be extended is discussed.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. T. Blair, S. A. Cassidy, Electron. Lett. 28, 1734 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. S. Henry, IEEE Commun. Mag. 27(10), 20 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Kashiwamura, H. Koga, Y. Murakami, IEEE Commun. Mag. 29(4), 28 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, S. P. Craig-Ryan, P. Urquhart, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 236.
  6. K. Liu, R. Ramaswami, presented at IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Multiple Access Networks, Monterey, Calif., July 25–27, 1990.
  7. E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 625 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. W. Morey, J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1586, 216 (1991).
  9. P. A. Rocher, A. R. Hunwicks, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1108 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

L. T. Blair, S. A. Cassidy, Electron. Lett. 28, 1734 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

T. Kashiwamura, H. Koga, Y. Murakami, IEEE Commun. Mag. 29(4), 28 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Morey, J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1586, 216 (1991).

1990 (2)

P. A. Rocher, A. R. Hunwicks, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1108 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. S. Henry, IEEE Commun. Mag. 27(10), 20 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Blair, L. T.

L. T. Blair, S. A. Cassidy, Electron. Lett. 28, 1734 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cassidy, S. A.

L. T. Blair, S. A. Cassidy, Electron. Lett. 28, 1734 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Craig-Ryan, S. P.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, S. P. Craig-Ryan, P. Urquhart, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 236.

Davey, S. T.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dunphy, J. R.

W. W. Morey, J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1586, 216 (1991).

Henry, P. S.

P. S. Henry, IEEE Commun. Mag. 27(10), 20 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hunwicks, A. R.

P. A. Rocher, A. R. Hunwicks, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1108 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwamura, T.

T. Kashiwamura, H. Koga, Y. Murakami, IEEE Commun. Mag. 29(4), 28 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Koga, H.

T. Kashiwamura, H. Koga, Y. Murakami, IEEE Commun. Mag. 29(4), 28 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

K. Liu, R. Ramaswami, presented at IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Multiple Access Networks, Monterey, Calif., July 25–27, 1990.

Meltz, G.

W. W. Morey, J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1586, 216 (1991).

Millar, C. A.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, S. P. Craig-Ryan, P. Urquhart, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 236.

Morey, W. W.

W. W. Morey, J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1586, 216 (1991).

Murakami, Y.

T. Kashiwamura, H. Koga, Y. Murakami, IEEE Commun. Mag. 29(4), 28 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswami, R.

K. Liu, R. Ramaswami, presented at IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Multiple Access Networks, Monterey, Calif., July 25–27, 1990.

Rocher, P. A.

P. A. Rocher, A. R. Hunwicks, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1108 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Urquhart, P.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, S. P. Craig-Ryan, P. Urquhart, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 236.

Whitley, T. J.

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, S. P. Craig-Ryan, P. Urquhart, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 236.

Wyatt, R.

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. T. Blair, S. A. Cassidy, Electron. Lett. 28, 1734 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, J. R. Armitage, R. Wyatt, S. T. Davey, Electron. Lett. 26, 730 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

P. S. Henry, IEEE Commun. Mag. 27(10), 20 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Kashiwamura, H. Koga, Y. Murakami, IEEE Commun. Mag. 29(4), 28 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. (1)

P. A. Rocher, A. R. Hunwicks, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1108 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 625 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

W. W. Morey, J. R. Dunphy, G. Meltz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1586, 216 (1991).

Other (2)

T. J. Whitley, C. A. Millar, S. P. Craig-Ryan, P. Urquhart, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 236.

K. Liu, R. Ramaswami, presented at IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Multiple Access Networks, Monterey, Calif., July 25–27, 1990.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelength-division-multiplexed distributed optical fiber bus network for data and sensors. Pin and Pout indicate the launched signal and amplified output power, respectively. WDM’s, wavelength-division-multiplexed direction couplers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Net gain at the four wavelengths as a function of the launched signal power in the propagation direction. The launched pump power is 18 mW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplified output power as measured by the optical spectrum analyzer shown in Fig. 1. The four signal center wavelengths are λ1 = 1527 nm, λ2 = 1531 nm, λ3 = 1551 nm, and λ4= 1560.5 nm. Vertical scale, 5 dB/division; horizontal scale, 4 nm/division.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Fiber Bragg Grating Specifications, Position on the Bus Network, and Signal-to-ASEa Ratio, for Each Wavelength and the Different Pumping Directions

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