Abstract

For the first time to our knowledge, self-pumped phase conjugation is reported in a planar waveguide structure in a BaTiO3 single crystal. The waveguide was fabricated by the technique of ion implantation, with 1.5-MeV H+ ions at a dose of 1016 ions/cm2. Phase-conjugate reflectivities >20% have been measured for waveguide self-pumped phase conjugation, and, for a given input power, an order-of-magnitude reduction in the response time is observed in the waveguide compared with the bulk. The fidelity of phase conjugation in the guide is also discussed.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. N. Kamalassanan, S. Chandra, P. C. Joshi, A. Mansingh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3547 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. J. Salamo, B. D. Monson, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Opt. 30, 1847 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. Mahgerefteh, J. Feinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

B. Fischer, M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 684 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

Chandler, P. J.

Chandra, S.

M. N. Kamalassanan, S. Chandra, P. C. Joshi, A. Mansingh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3547 (1991).
[Crossref]

Clark, W. W.

Conner, J. R.

R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ducharme, S.

Eason, R. W.

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

B. Fischer, M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 684 (1989).
[Crossref]

Fork, D. K.

K. Nashimoto, D. K. Fork, T. H. Geballe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1199 (1992).
[Crossref]

Geballe, T. H.

K. Nashimoto, D. K. Fork, T. H. Geballe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1199 (1992).
[Crossref]

Godefroy, G.

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hertel, P.

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

James, S. W.

Joshi, P. C.

M. N. Kamalassanan, S. Chandra, P. C. Joshi, A. Mansingh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3547 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kamalassanan, M. N.

M. N. Kamalassanan, S. Chandra, P. C. Joshi, A. Mansingh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3547 (1991).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. B.

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

Krazig, E.

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

MacDonald, K. R.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mansingh, A.

M. N. Kamalassanan, S. Chandra, P. C. Joshi, A. Mansingh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3547 (1991).
[Crossref]

McKee, R. A.

R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

Monson, B. D.

Moretti, P.

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

Mullen, R. A.

R. A. Mullen, D. J. Vickers, C. West, D. M. Pepper, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1726 (1992).
[Crossref]

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nashimoto, K.

K. Nashimoto, D. K. Fork, T. H. Geballe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1199 (1992).
[Crossref]

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

Pepper, D. M.

Rytz, D.

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

Salamo, G. J.

Schwartz, R. N.

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

Shamir, J.

Sharp, E. J.

Sommerfeldt, R.

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

Specht, E. D.

R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

Thevenard, P.

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P. D.

Valley, G. C.

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

Vickers, D. J.

Walker, F. J.

R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

Weschler, B. A.

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

West, C.

Wood, G. L.

Yariv, A.

Youden, K. E.

Zelmon, D. E.

R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K. Nashimoto, D. K. Fork, T. H. Geballe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1199 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. A. McKee, F. J. Walker, J. R. Conner, E. D. Specht, D. E. Zelmon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 782 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. N. Kamalassanan, S. Chandra, P. C. Joshi, A. Mansingh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3547 (1991).
[Crossref]

B. Fischer, M. Segev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 684 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. Rytz, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, R. N. Schwartz, G. C. Valley, B. A. Weschler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1759 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Mahgerefteh, J. Feinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

P. Moretti, P. Thevenard, G. Godefroy, R. Sommerfeldt, P. Hertel, E. Krazig, Phys. Status Solidi A 117, K85 (1990).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the implanted crystal of BaTiO3. The input beams, IW, and Ib, indicate the input geometry required for SPPC in the waveguide and the bulk, respectively, resulting from the reversal of the gain direction in the waveguide compared with the bulk, which was induced by the implantation process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response time (time required for the SPPC output to reach 1/e of maximum) as a function of the incident power for (a) an unfocused beam in the bulk (+), (b) a line focus in the bulk (×), and (c) the waveguide (*). Estimated irradiances at the crystal face with 30-mW incident power are (a) 1 W/cm2 and (b), (c) 300 W/cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) SPPC response time (*) and PC reflectivity (+) as a function of input power in the waveguide. (b) SPPC response time (○) and PC reflectivity (×) as a function of input power in the bulk crystal. The intensity dependence of the response times may be approximated by two straight lines of different gradients, as indicated, corresponding to regions of saturated and decreasing reflectivity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Contour plots of (a) the input beam and the PC output from the waveguide at (b) 5°, (c) 10°, (d) 25°, and (e) 45° angles of incidence.

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