Abstract

Stable transform-limited (ΔνΔτ = 0.32) femtosecond pulses with a FWHM of 50 fs were generated from a self-mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser. The forsterite laser was synchronously pumped by a cw mode-locked Nd:YAG (82 MHz) laser that generated picosecond pulses (200–300 ps) and provided the starting mechanism for self-mode-locked operation. Maximum output power was 45 mW for 3.9 W of absorbed pumped power with the use of an output coupler with 1% transmission. The self-mode-locked forsterite laser was tuned from 1240 to 1270 nm.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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1991 (2)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

Alfano, R. R.

Asaki, M. T.

C.-P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Nathel, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD17.

Backus, S.

Becker, P. C.

Brabec, T.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Carrig, T. J.

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Diels, J.-C. M.

Evans, J. M.

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Fujimoto, J. G.

Garvey, D.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Nathel, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD17.

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Haus, H. A.

Huang, C. P.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Nathel, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD17.

Huang, C.-P.

Jacobson, A. G.

Jacobson, J. M.

Kapteyn, H. C.

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Li Kam Wa, P.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Nathel, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD17.

Naganuma, K.

Nathel, H.

C.-P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Nathel, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD17.

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Opt. Lett. (11)

Other (3)

P. Li Kam Wa, B. H. T. Chai, H. S. Wang, A. Miller, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuP1.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. Nathel, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper PD17.

Optical Glass, Schott Catalog (Schott Glass Technologies, Inc., Duryea, Pa.).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the synchronously pumped mode-locked operation of the Cr:forsterite laser: λ/2, half-wave plate for 1064 nm; L, focusing lens; M1, output mirror; M2, M3, 10-cm-radius folding mirrors; M4, back mirror; BS, beam splitter; P1, P2, glass prisms; A, variable aperture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Autocorrelation trace and (b) spectrum of 105-fs pulses obtained from a Z cavity with SF14 prisms for chirp compensation. Open circles are experimental data, and the solid curve is the best fit for sech2 pulse shape.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interferometric autocorrelation of the output pulses of the forsterite laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Round-trip cubic phase of various Brewster prism pairs. Zero round-trip cavity quadratic phase and minimum glass pathway in the prism are assumed.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Autocorrelation trace and (b) spectrum of 50-fs pulses obtained from a Z cavity with SFN64 prisms for chirp compensation. Open circles are experimental data, and the solid curve is the best fit for sech2 pulse shape.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Dispersion Characteristics for Various Optical Glasses at λ = 1250 nma

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