Abstract

Gratings with as high as 2.4% reflection efficiency written by a 20-ns single excimer pulse at 248 nm have been demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge in Ce3+-doped fibers. The grating strength is shown to increase with Ce3+ concentration under the same writing conditions. Investigation of the grating decay at elevated temperatures has revealed several different time constants, showing that several different types of mechanism may be involved. Part of the grating was found to be stable for >10 h at 600°C.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1993 (1)

1992 (2)

1991 (3)

1990 (1)

D. P. Hand, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 15, 144 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1986 (2)

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 61, 319 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, K. Muta, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, 425 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J. L.

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Askins, C. G.

Bashkansky, M.

Broer, M. M.

Cone, R. L.

Dong, L.

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 89 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTUB2.

Friebele, E. J.

Glenn, W. H.

Griscom, D. L.

Hand, D. P.

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 89 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Hand, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 15, 144 (1990).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTUB2.

Kawazoe, H.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, K. Muta, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, 425 (1986).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Meltz, G.

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 185 (1991).

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizrahi, V.

Morey, W. W.

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 185 (1991).

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, Opt. Lett. 14, 823 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muta, K.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, K. Muta, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, 425 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 89 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTUB2.

Putman, M. A.

Reekie, L.

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Hand, P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 15, 144 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shibuya, K.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, K. Muta, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, 425 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, K. D.

Simpson, J. R.

Stegeman, G. I.

Tsai, T. E.

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, K. Muta, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, 425 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wells, P. J.

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 89 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTUB2.

Williams, G. M.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 29, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, K. Muta, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, 425 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (1)

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 61, 319 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 185 (1991).

Other (1)

L. Dong, P. J. Wells, D. P. Hand, D. N. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JTUB2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral response of a Ce3+-doped fiber grating measured with a spectral resolution of 0.1 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ce3+ concentration dependence of the induced index modulation in single-pulse gratings written under the same conditions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay of the induced index modulation (normalized to an initial value of ~5 × 10−5) in a fresh grating (measured with 0.1-nm spectral resolution; grating bandwidth ~6 GHz) when heated at 8 °C/min up to 700 °C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Stability of the induced index modulations in Ce3+-doped fiber at various temperatures measured by monitoring the integrated reflection [normalized to an initial value of approximately 3 × 10−5 for curves (a) and 5 × 10−5 for curves (b)] from the gratings. A broadband light-emitting diode was used as the light source. The grating writing interferometer was better aligned for the gratings in curves (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized decay rates against inverse of temperatures. The solid line is a theoretical fit of Eq. (1) obtained with σ0 = 2.1 s−1 and ΔE = 2800 cm−1 (0.35 eV).

Equations (1)

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σ = σ 0 exp ( - Δ E k B T ) ,

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