Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first dual operation comprising laser action and Q switching of Cr4+:YAG pumped intracavity by a Nd:YAG laser. This technique produced dual 1.06- and 1.44-μm pulses with 35- and 200-ns pulse widths, respectively. The Nd:YAG rod was pumped by a 1-ms flash-lamp pulse, resulting in a train of 1.06- and 1.44-μm pulse pairs at approximately a 30-kHz rate.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).
  3. N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).
  4. W. Jia, H. Eilers, W. Dennis, W. Yen, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 20.
  5. I. Miller, A. Alcock, J. Bernard, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 322.
  6. D. Andrauskas, C. Kennedy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 393.
  7. E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Avizonis, R. Grotbeck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Zverev, A. Shestakov, in Tunable Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 66.

1990 (1)

N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).

1989 (1)

L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).

1988 (1)

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

P. Avizonis, R. Grotbeck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Alcock, A.

I. Miller, A. Alcock, J. Bernard, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 322.

Andrauskas, D.

D. Andrauskas, C. Kennedy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 393.

Angert, N.

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Avizonis, P.

P. Avizonis, R. Grotbeck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, J.

I. Miller, A. Alcock, J. Bernard, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 322.

Borodin, N.

N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Danilov, A.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, W.

W. Jia, H. Eilers, W. Dennis, W. Yen, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 20.

Eilers, H.

W. Jia, H. Eilers, W. Dennis, W. Yen, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 20.

Evstigneev, V.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Garmash, V.

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Grotbeck, R.

P. Avizonis, R. Grotbeck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687 (1966).
[CrossRef]

II’ichev, N.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W.

W. Jia, H. Eilers, W. Dennis, W. Yen, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 20.

Kennedy, C.

D. Andrauskas, C. Kennedy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 393.

Krutova, L.

L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).

Kulagin, N.

L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).

Malyutin, A.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Miller, I.

I. Miller, A. Alcock, J. Bernard, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 322.

Nikol’skii, M.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A.

N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A.

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sandulenko, A.

L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).

Sandulenko, V.

L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).

Shcherbakov, I.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A.

N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. Zverev, A. Shestakov, in Tunable Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 66.

Shkadarevich, A.

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Siyuchenko, O.

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Umyskov, A.

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yen, W.

W. Jia, H. Eilers, W. Dennis, W. Yen, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 20.

Zabaznov, A.

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Zharikov, E.

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Zhitnyuk, V.

N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zverev, G.

G. Zverev, A. Shestakov, in Tunable Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 66.

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. (1)

N. Borodin, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, A. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 54, 1500 (1990).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Avizonis, R. Grotbeck, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (3)

N. Angert, N. Borodin, V. Garmash, V. Zhitnyuk, A. Okhrimchuk, O. Siyuchenko, A. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 73 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. Zharikov, A. Zabaznov, A. Prokhorov, A. Shkadarevich, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1552 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Danilov, V. Evstigneev, N. II’ichev, A. Malyutin, M. Nikol’skii, A. Umyskov, I. Shcherbakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 573 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (1)

L. Krutova, N. Kulagin, V. Sandulenko, A. Sandulenko, Sov. Phys. Solid State 31, 1193 (1989).

Other (4)

W. Jia, H. Eilers, W. Dennis, W. Yen, in Digest of Conference on Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 20.

I. Miller, A. Alcock, J. Bernard, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 322.

D. Andrauskas, C. Kennedy, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 393.

G. Zverev, A. Shestakov, in Tunable Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 66.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Intracavity Q switching/lasing setup: M’s, mirrors; F’s, filters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cr4+:YAG energy-level diagram (adapted from Borodin et al.3).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

1.06- and 1.44-μm pulses produced by dual Q switch and laser action (400 ns/division).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental and theoretical Cr4+:YAG transmittances. The theoretical values are generated by using σ1 = 3 × 10−18 cm2 and σ2 = 2 × 10−19 cm2.

Equations (2)

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d E d z = - h ν N 0 { ( 1 - σ 2 σ 1 ) × [ 1 - exp ( - σ 1 E h ν ) ] + σ 2 E h ν } - α E ,
N 0 = ln ( T 0 - 1 ) L σ 1 ,

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