Abstract

A white-light interferometric extrinsic Fabry–Perot strain sensor that uses a multimode fiber is demonstrated. The Fabry–Perot cavity length is measured with the help of a Fizeau interferometer. The sensor is described, and some results obtained at this time are given. The strain measurements are absolute and perfectly linear, with a sensitivity of 0.25 micrometers per meter (μ). The design of a thermally autocompensated strain sensor is also presented.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. L. Mitchell, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 450.
  2. C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett. 16, 273 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Belleville, G. Duplain, A. Bergeron, in CSME Forum SCGM 1992, S. Sankar, S. Rakheja, M. Richard, T. Maloney, eds. (Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering, Montreal, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 934.
  7. H. C. Lefevre, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 1 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 345.
  8. C. Delisle, P. Cielo, Can. J. Phys. 53, 1047 (1975).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1988 (1)

F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

C. Delisle, P. Cielo, Can. J. Phys. 53, 1047 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Belleville, C.

C. Belleville, G. Duplain, A. Bergeron, in CSME Forum SCGM 1992, S. Sankar, S. Rakheja, M. Richard, T. Maloney, eds. (Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering, Montreal, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 934.

Bergeron, A.

C. Belleville, G. Duplain, A. Bergeron, in CSME Forum SCGM 1992, S. Sankar, S. Rakheja, M. Richard, T. Maloney, eds. (Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering, Montreal, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 934.

Carman, G. P.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cielo, P.

C. Delisle, P. Cielo, Can. J. Phys. 53, 1047 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Claus, R. O.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett. 16, 273 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delisle, C.

C. Delisle, P. Cielo, Can. J. Phys. 53, 1047 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Duplain, G.

C. Belleville, G. Duplain, A. Bergeron, in CSME Forum SCGM 1992, S. Sankar, S. Rakheja, M. Richard, T. Maloney, eds. (Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering, Montreal, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 934.

Farahi, F.

F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fogg, B. R.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gunther, M. F.

Jackson, D. A.

F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. E.

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre, H. C.

H. C. Lefevre, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 1 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 345.

Lesko, J. J.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, W. V.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, G. L.

G. L. Mitchell, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 450.

Murphy, K. A.

Newsom, T. P.

F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reifsnider, K. L.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett. 16, 273 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

C. Delisle, P. Cielo, Can. J. Phys. 53, 1047 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Farahi, T. P. Newsom, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Opt. Commun. 65, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. J. Lesko, G. P. Carman, B. R. Fogg, W. V. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, K. L. Reifsnider, R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 31, 13 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

C. Belleville, G. Duplain, A. Bergeron, in CSME Forum SCGM 1992, S. Sankar, S. Rakheja, M. Richard, T. Maloney, eds. (Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering, Montreal, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 934.

H. C. Lefevre, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 1 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 345.

G. L. Mitchell, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 450.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Construction of the multimode extrinsic Fabry–Perot strain gauge.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cavity length of two Fabry–Perot strain sensors multiplexed on the same optical fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical fiber strain sensor configuration combined to the Fizeau interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Construction of the thermally autocompensated multimode extrinsic Fabry–Perot strain gauge.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross-correlation function read from the linear photodiode array.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dynamic response of an optical strain sensor (bottom curve) and an electrical foil gauge.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dynamic response of an optical strain sensor (bottom curve) and an electrical foil gauge.

Equations (3)

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T ( λ , d ) = 1 1 + F sin 2 ( 2 π d λ ) ,
C ( d ) = 1 M n = 0 M 1 X ( λ 0 + n Δ λ ) 1 1 + F sin 2 ( 2 π d λ 0 + n Δ λ ) .
max = L CCD tan ( γ ) L GAUGE ,

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