Abstract

We report the operating characteristics of a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire solitary laser at reduced group-delay dispersion. The generation of ≈12.3 fs near-sech2 optical pulses at 775 nm is reported, together with experimental evidence for the dominant role of third-order dispersion (TOD) as a limiting factor to further pulse shortening in the oscillator. At reduced second-order dispersion excessive residual TOD is shown to lead to dispersive wave generation, and the position of the dispersive resonance is used to determine the ratio of the net second- and third-order intracavity dispersions. Since the magnitude of TOD rapidly decreases with increasing wavelength in prism-pair dispersion-compensated resonators, the oscillator presented has the potential for producing sub-10-fs pulses in the 800-nm wavelength region.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.
  3. Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, F. Krausz, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.
  4. O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 156 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 748 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Krausz, Ch. Spielmann, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 17, 204 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.
  11. T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 13, 129 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Salin, P. Grangier, P. Georges, A. Brun, Opt. Lett. 15, 1374 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, H. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 11, 464 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Wen, S. Chi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 335 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 17, 514 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 91 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (6)

1991 (3)

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

S. Wen, S. Chi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

Asaki, M. T.

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Backus, S.

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Brabec, T.

Brun, A.

Chen, H. H.

Chi, S.

S. Wen, S. Chi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P.

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 1292 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, F. Krausz, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Fork, R. L.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.

Georges, P.

Gordon, J. P.

Grangier, P.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.

Huang, C. P.

C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Ippen, E. P.

Jacobson, A. G.

J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.

Jacobson, J. M.

J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Kean, P. N.

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

Lee, Y. C.

Martinez, O. E.

McIntosh, J. W.

Menyuk, C. R.

Murnane, M. M.

C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Naganuma, K.

J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.

Nathel, H.

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Salin, F.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, Ch. Spielmann, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 17, 204 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, F. Krausz, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, Ch.

Tang, C. L.

Wai, P. K. A.

Walmsley, I. A.

Wen, S.

S. Wen, S. Chi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

F. Krausz, Ch. Spielmann, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 17, 204 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, F. Krausz, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Wise, F. W.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (11)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Wen, S. Chi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 21, 335 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. M. Jacobson, A. G. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper CTuU2.

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, H. Nathel, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Ch. Spielmann, P. Curley, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, F. Krausz, presented at Ultrafast Phenomena Conference, Antibes, France, June 8–12, 1992.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mode-locked spectra recorded by an optical multichannel analyzer at the dispersive cavity end as a function of increasing prism glass path for fixed values of intracavity pulse energy and aperture width. The relative change in net intracavity GDD between the adjacent spectra is ΔD ≈ 10 fs2 for the initial reference λ = 0.8 μm. The discontinuities in some of the spectra at 775 nm are due to damaged detector array elements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mode-locked spectra as a function of increasing prism glass path as the minimum operating GDD for stable operation is approached. The relative change in GDD from the top scan of Fig. 1 to the first scan in Fig. 2 is ≈5 fs2. Here ΔD ≈ 1 fs2 at λ = 0.8 μm and was controlled by translating the second prism on a precision micrometer stage. In curve (i) the shift of energy is into a dispersive resonance at a higher wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Top) Plot of an ideal solitary pulse mode-locked spectrum in the presence of dispersive waves. (Bottom) Dispersion diagram for a solitary pulse (ks) and a dispersive wave (kr) in the presence of GDD and TOD in the cavity. Dashed line A denotes the dispersive resonance position, Δωr.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Interferometric autocorrelation of the shortest mode-locked pulses from the dispersive cavity arm of the laser, together with an ideal sech2 pulse envelope, (b) The corresponding pulse spectrum.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ ω r 2 + β Δ ω r 3 = ( 1 / T 2 ) ,

Metrics