Abstract

Two-photon-induced conductivity has been observed in Si and GaAsP photodiodes and in a CdS photoconductive cell at room temperature and applied to the ultrashort optical pulse measurement with a simplified Michelson-type arrangement. The efficiency of the two-photon conductivity is found to be 3 × 10−14I A/W, where I is the intensity of the incident pulse in watts per squared centimeter. A single-shot pulse-width measurement has also been performed by using a two-dimensional silicon CCD array. Use of these inexpensive photodetectors with nonlinear characteristics has proved to be convenient for intensity correlators because of their instantaneous response to temporal coincidence of optical pulses and ease of optical arrangement.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231 (1967); M. Maier, W. Kaiser, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1275 (1966); J. A. Armstrong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 6 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 97 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. F. Carruthers, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 460 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1629 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Lepore, Solid State Commun. 54, 87 (1985); I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Solid State Commun. 16, 417 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 25 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. H. Lee, P. S. Mak, in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. M. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980), pp. 93–97.
  9. Y. Takagi, K. Yoshihara, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 407–409.
    [Crossref]
  10. M. C. Teich, G. J. Wolga, Phys. Rev. 171, 809 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. P. Weber, H. Danielmeyer, Phys. Rev. A 2, 2074 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Sonnenberg, H. Heffner, W. Spicer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 95 (1964); S. Imamura, K. Kinoshita, T. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. 166, 322 (1968).
    [Crossref]

1986 (1)

T. F. Carruthers, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 460 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Lepore, Solid State Commun. 54, 87 (1985); I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Solid State Commun. 16, 417 (1975).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 97 (1974).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1629 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

H. P. Weber, H. Danielmeyer, Phys. Rev. A 2, 2074 (1970).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

M. C. Teich, G. J. Wolga, Phys. Rev. 171, 809 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (2)

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231 (1967); M. Maier, W. Kaiser, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1275 (1966); J. A. Armstrong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 6 (1967).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

H. Sonnenberg, H. Heffner, W. Spicer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 95 (1964); S. Imamura, K. Kinoshita, T. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. 166, 322 (1968).
[Crossref]

Bennet, W. R.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 97 (1974).
[Crossref]

Carlin, D. B.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 97 (1974).
[Crossref]

Carruthers, T. F.

T. F. Carruthers, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 460 (1986).
[Crossref]

Catalano, I. M.

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Lepore, Solid State Commun. 54, 87 (1985); I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Solid State Commun. 16, 417 (1975).
[Crossref]

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1629 (1972).
[Crossref]

Cingolani, A.

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Lepore, Solid State Commun. 54, 87 (1985); I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Solid State Commun. 16, 417 (1975).
[Crossref]

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1629 (1972).
[Crossref]

Collins, G. J.

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 97 (1974).
[Crossref]

Danielmeyer, H.

H. P. Weber, H. Danielmeyer, Phys. Rev. A 2, 2074 (1970).
[Crossref]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Heffner, H.

H. Sonnenberg, H. Heffner, W. Spicer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 95 (1964); S. Imamura, K. Kinoshita, T. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. 166, 322 (1968).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. H.

C. H. Lee, P. S. Mak, in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. M. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980), pp. 93–97.

Lepore, M.

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Lepore, Solid State Commun. 54, 87 (1985); I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Solid State Commun. 16, 417 (1975).
[Crossref]

Mak, P. S.

C. H. Lee, P. S. Mak, in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. M. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980), pp. 93–97.

Marinero, E. E.

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Minafra, M.

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1629 (1972).
[Crossref]

Patel, C. K. N.

C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

Rentzepis, P. M.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Shapiro, S. L.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sonnenberg, H.

H. Sonnenberg, H. Heffner, W. Spicer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 95 (1964); S. Imamura, K. Kinoshita, T. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. 166, 322 (1968).
[Crossref]

Spicer, W.

H. Sonnenberg, H. Heffner, W. Spicer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 95 (1964); S. Imamura, K. Kinoshita, T. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. 166, 322 (1968).
[Crossref]

Takagi, Y.

Y. Takagi, K. Yoshihara, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 407–409.
[Crossref]

Teich, M. C.

M. C. Teich, G. J. Wolga, Phys. Rev. 171, 809 (1968).
[Crossref]

Weber, H. P.

H. P. Weber, H. Danielmeyer, Phys. Rev. A 2, 2074 (1970).
[Crossref]

H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231 (1967); M. Maier, W. Kaiser, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1275 (1966); J. A. Armstrong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 6 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wecht, K. W.

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

Weller, J. F.

T. F. Carruthers, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 460 (1986).
[Crossref]

Wolga, G. J.

M. C. Teich, G. J. Wolga, Phys. Rev. 171, 809 (1968).
[Crossref]

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Yoshihara, K.

Y. Takagi, K. Yoshihara, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 407–409.
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

H. Sonnenberg, H. Heffner, W. Spicer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 95 (1964); S. Imamura, K. Kinoshita, T. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. 166, 322 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. A. Giordmaine, P. M. Rentzepis, S. L. Shapiro, K. W. Wecht, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 216 (1967).
[Crossref]

T. F. Carruthers, J. F. Weller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 460 (1986).
[Crossref]

C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. R. Bennet, D. B. Carlin, G. J. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 97 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2231 (1967); M. Maier, W. Kaiser, J. A. Giordmaine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1275 (1966); J. A. Armstrong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 6 (1967).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. C. Teich, G. J. Wolga, Phys. Rev. 171, 809 (1968).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. P. Weber, H. Danielmeyer, Phys. Rev. A 2, 2074 (1970).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1629 (1972).
[Crossref]

Solid State Commun. (1)

I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Lepore, Solid State Commun. 54, 87 (1985); I. M. Catalano, A. Cingolani, M. Minafra, Solid State Commun. 16, 417 (1975).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

C. H. Lee, P. S. Mak, in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. M. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980), pp. 93–97.

Y. Takagi, K. Yoshihara, in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 407–409.
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Input power dependences of the photocurrent of (a) a Si photodiode, (b) a GaAsP photodiode, and (c) a CdS photoconductive cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation profiles obtained by TPC in (a) a Si photodiode, (b) a GaAsP photodiode, and (c) a CdS photoconductive cell and (d) an autocorrelation profile obtained by the SHG method.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Beam spot of 1.41-μm radiation under the temporal and spatial coincidence taken by a Si CCD camera and (b) the corresponding intensity profile. Wings lying outside ±30 ps originate from the partial nonoverlap of the beam spots. The pulse width should be measured from the level of the shoulders at ±20 ps.

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