Abstract

We find strong optical nonlinearities in SrxBa1−xNb2O6 (x = 0.61 and x = 0.75) and in BaTiO3 crystals caused by thermally induced changes of the refractive indices. This gives strong spatial self-phase modulation and self-focusing of Gaussian light beams and light-induced birefringence. The light intensities are of the order of 102–103 mW/mm2, and the time response of the effect is of the order of milliseconds.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Fischer, S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 550 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. M. Lines, A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Oxford Science, London, 1977).
  4. E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. W. Rush, B. M. Dugan, G. L. Burdge, Opt. Lett. 16, 1295 (1991); in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 24.
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arkalian, Y. R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 6, 411 (1981).
    [PubMed]
  8. J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. M. Pierce, R. S. Cudney, G. D. Bacher, J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 414 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Eichler, G. Salje, H. Stahl, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5383 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Pierce, R. S. Cudney, G. D. Bacher, J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 414 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

B. Fischer, S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1977 (1)

K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

H. Eichler, G. Salje, H. Stahl, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5383 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Arkalian, S. M.

Bacher, G. D.

Ballman, A. A.

E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
[CrossRef]

Burdge, G. L.

Clark, N. A.

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cudney, R. S.

Dugan, B. M.

Durbin, S. D.

Eichler, H.

H. Eichler, G. Salje, H. Stahl, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5383 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

B. Fischer, S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Furer, K. R.

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Furuhata, Y.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

E. M. Lines, A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Oxford Science, London, 1977).

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kozuma, H.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. A.

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Leite, R. C. C.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Lenzo, P. V.

E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
[CrossRef]

Lines, E. M.

E. M. Lines, A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Oxford Science, London, 1977).

Megumi, K.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R. S.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, W. F.

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, R. M.

Porto, S. P. S.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Rush, D. W.

Salje, G.

H. Eichler, G. Salje, H. Stahl, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5383 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Scott, J. F.

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sheih, S.

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Spencer, E. G.

E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
[CrossRef]

Stahl, H.

H. Eichler, G. Salje, H. Stahl, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5383 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Sternklar, S.

B. Fischer, S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Venturini, E. L.

E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S.

B. Fischer, S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Megumi, H. Kozuma, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Fischer, S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

E. L. Venturini, E. G. Spencer, P. V. Lenzo, A. A. Ballman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3431968.
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, J. R. Whinnery, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3 (1965); J. R. Whinnery, T. D. Miller, F. Dabby, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 382 (1967).
[CrossRef]

H. Eichler, G. Salje, H. Stahl, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5383 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. F. Scott, S. Sheih, K. R. Furer, N. A. Clark, W. F. Oliver, S. A. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 41, 9330 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

E. M. Lines, A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials (Oxford Science, London, 1977).

P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output beam from the SBN crystal for the following input-beam powers and conditions: (a) 3.5 mW and extraordinary polarization, which give a spot diameter of 7 mm at the detection screen; (b) 224 mW and extraordinary polarization, which give a spot diameter of 135 mm at the detection screen; (c) 318 mW and extraordinary polarization, which give a spot diameter of 360 and 290 mm (two axes of the elliptical shape); (d) 318 mW and ordinary polarization, which give a spot diameter of 35 mm at the detection screen. The input beam was focused onto the sample with a lens of 44-cm focal length, and the crystal location was 47.5 cm from the lens, which give a spot size of approximately 0.2 mm at the crystal. The detection screen, from where the pictures were taken, was 118 cm from the crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Number of rings versus input-beam power (with the conditions of Fig. 1).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the time response on the input beam power (with the conditions of Fig. 1 with an aperture in front of the detector).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time dependence of the output intensity after the beam passes through an analyzer (the input beam was 45° to the crystal axes). The inset shows the initial response in Fig. 4 (curve a), which is the time dependence of the output intensity after the beam passes through an aperture and an analyzer, the response without the output polarizer (curve b), and the response without the output polarizer with extraordinary input polarization (curve c).

Metrics