Abstract

A study of photoinduced birefringence in bow-tie (stress-induced) high-birefringence (Hi-Bi) and low-birefringence (Lo-Bi) germanosilicate optical fibers is conducted by using 532-nm light. The study reveals that Hi-Bi fibers are insensitive to light polarized along the fast axis, in contrast to Lo-Bi fibers, which are photosensitive along both axes. The induced birefringence in Lo-Bi fibers is reversible, whereas the change in Hi-Bi fibers is permanent. The sign of the induced birefringence is established experimentally for the first time to our knowledge, and the significance of the results to models based on stress and/or glass defects is briefly discussed.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.
  3. M. Parent, J. Bures, S. Lacroix, J. Lapierre, Appl. Opt. 24, 354 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 25, 478 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (5)

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 25, 478 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, G. R.

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, E.

K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bures, J.

Chow, Y. T.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, D.

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hand, D. P.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V A.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kanellopoulos, S. E.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lacroix, S.

Lapierre, J.

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nockolds, C. E.

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Parent, M.

Poirier, M.

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Poyntz-Wright, L. J.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 25, 478 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, A. J.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 25, 478 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, H. W.

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Valente, L. C. G.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, D. Gagnon, M. Poirier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1813 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

G. R. Atkins, S. B. Poole, M. G. Sceats, H. W. Simmons, C. E. Nockolds, Electron. Lett. 27, 1432 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Poyntz-Wright, P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 25, 478 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, E. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Y. T. Chow, L. J. Poyntz-Wright, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1516, 471991.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. HWP’s, half-wave plates; BS1, BS2, beam splitters; L’s, lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized signal transmitted through the analyzer as a function of exposure time in (a) Hi-Bi fiber and (b) Lo-Bi fiber. After 45 min the polarization of the green light is rotated 90° after 90 min it is rotated back, and at 135 min the green light is blocked.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized transmission in Fig. 2 converted to birefringence change ΔB for (a) Hi-Bi fiber and (b) Lo-Bi fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized signal from the analyzer in Hi-Bi fiber when the green light is polarized in the nonsensitive y direction, (a) Fresh sample, (b) sample previously exposed to x-polarized light for 45 min.

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