Abstract

We report the implementation of stratified volume holographic optical elements (SVHOE's) using DuPont's Omnidex holographic photopolymer material and an in situ exposure technique for simultaneous multilayer grating recording. Experimental measurement of the +1-order angular sensitivity of a seven-layer SVHOE structure shows remarkable agreement with both theory and numerical simulation for incidence angles near the Bragg angle. For SVHOE's having modulation layers that individually operate in the Bragg or transition diffraction regimes, the envelope of the SVHOE angular sensitivity is experimentally shown to approximate closely that of a single modulation layer.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Opt. Lett. 13, 189 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Annual Meeting, Vol. 11 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 106.
  3. G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, “Diffraction properties of stratified volume holographic optical elements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published).
  4. W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).
  5. A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).
  6. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  7. J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, Appl. Phys. 10, 129 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. P. Yakimovich, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 49, 85 (1980).

1990 (2)

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).

1988 (1)

1980 (1)

A. P. Yakimovich, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 49, 85 (1980).

1976 (1)

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, Appl. Phys. 10, 129 (1976).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Feit, M. D.

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, Appl. Phys. 10, 129 (1976).
[Crossref]

Fleck, J. A.

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, Appl. Phys. 10, 129 (1976).
[Crossref]

Johnson, R. V.

R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Opt. Lett. 13, 189 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Annual Meeting, Vol. 11 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 106.

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, “Diffraction properties of stratified volume holographic optical elements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published).

Keys, D. E.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Mickish, D. J.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).

Monroe, B. M.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).

Morris, J. R.

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, Appl. Phys. 10, 129 (1976).
[Crossref]

Nordin, G. P.

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Annual Meeting, Vol. 11 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 106.

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, “Diffraction properties of stratified volume holographic optical elements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published).

Smothers, W. K.

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).

Tanguay, A. R.

R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Opt. Lett. 13, 189 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Annual Meeting, Vol. 11 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 106.

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, “Diffraction properties of stratified volume holographic optical elements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published).

Trout, T. J.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).

Weber, A. M.

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).

Yakimovich, A. P.

A. P. Yakimovich, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 49, 85 (1980).

Appl. Phys. (1)

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, Appl. Phys. 10, 129 (1976).
[Crossref]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

A. P. Yakimovich, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 49, 85 (1980).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

W. K. Smothers, B. M. Monroe, A. M. Weber, D. E. Keys, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 20 (1990).

A. M. Weber, W. K. Smothers, T. J. Trout, D. J. Mickish, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1212, 30 (1990).

Other (2)

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, Annual Meeting, Vol. 11 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 106.

G. P. Nordin, R. V. Johnson, A. R. Tanguay, “Diffraction properties of stratified volume holographic optical elements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photopolymer-based SVHOE fabricated with glass substrates and exposed by using an in situ exposure technique.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured +1-order angular sensitivity of a seven-layer photopolymer-based SVHOE compared with numerical simulations based on experimental parameters.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured +1-order angular sensitivity of the same SVHOE as in Fig. 2, after successive removal of photopolymer-coated glass layers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Angular sensitivities of an identically exposed five-layer SVHOE structure and a single-layer photopolymer film. The single-layer photopolymer film thickness is the same as that of each individual photopolymer layer within the SVHOE.

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