Abstract

We present theoretical and experimental studies of a novel substrate-mode grating pair structure for wavelength-division-multiplexing/demultiplexing applications. Normally incident coupling and on-axis output imaging with this device provide easier alignment with coupled optical fibers. We have designed and fabricated wavelength-division-multiplexing devices that are implemented by polarization-insensitive high-efficiency (> 85%) substrate-mode holograms. Three-channel demultiplexing experiments have also been successfully demonstrated with the limited available wavelength range of our diode-laser system.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. J. Tomlinson, Appl. Opt. 16, 2180 (1977).
  2. H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448 (1984).
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1991 (1)

R. C. Kim, E. Chen, F. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1650 (1991).

1990 (2)

Y.-T. Huang, M. Kato, R. K. Kostuk, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1211, 162 (1990).

R.K. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y.-T. Huang, Appl. Opt. 29, 3848 (1990).

1989 (2)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

1984 (1)

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448 (1984).

1977 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Chen, E.

R. C. Kim, E. Chen, F. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1650 (1991).

Georgekutty, T. G.

Harvey, G. T.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Harvey, P.

Hetherington, D.

Huang, Y.-T.

Ishio, H.

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448 (1984).

Jannson, T.

Kato, M.

Kim, R. C.

R. C. Kim, E. Chen, F. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1650 (1991).

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Kostuk, R. K.

Y.-T. Huang, M. Kato, R. K. Kostuk, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1211, 162 (1990).

R. K. Kostuk, Y.-T. Huang, M. Kato, D. Hetherington, Appl. Opt. 28, 4939 (1989).

Kostuk, R.K.

Lin, F.

R. C. Kim, E. Chen, F. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1650 (1991).

Lipson, J.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Liu, H.-K.

Masland, J. C.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Minowa, J.

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448 (1984).

Moslehi, B.

Ng, J.

Nosu, K.

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448 (1984).

Read, P. H.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Tomlinson, W. J.

Wartonick, S. A.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Yeates, P. D.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Young, C. A.

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448 (1984).

J. Lipson, C. A. Young, P. D. Yeates, J. C. Masland, S. A. Wartonick, G. T. Harvey, P. H. Read, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 16 (1985).

R. C. Kim, E. Chen, F. Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1650 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

Y.-T. Huang, M. Kato, R. K. Kostuk, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1211, 162 (1990).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conventional grating devices for wavelength-division demultiplexing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration of a substrate-mode grating pair for wavelength-division demultiplexing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated efficiencies of designed substrate-mode gratings for center wavelengths of 780, 1050, 1300, and 1550 nm: (a) s polarization, (b) p polarization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized lateral image shift ΔL/L0 versus the normalized wavelength difference Δλ/λ0.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental diffraction efficiencies of the designed WDM device for a center wavelength λ0 of 780 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental intensity distribution of output image beams for three different wavelengths of 778, 780, and 782 nm.

Equations (5)

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η = sin 2 ( v 2 + ξ 2 ) 1 / 2 1 + ξ 2 / v 2 ,
v = v s = π n 1 d λ ( c R c S ) 1 / 2 for s polarization ,
v = v p = v s cos φ d for p polarization ,
ξ = ( k r 1 2 k r 2 2 ) d 4 k r 1 c S ,
L = m T tan θ r 2 s ,

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