Abstract

We propose a volume holographic data storage scheme that employs counterpropagating reference and image beams and wavelength multiplexing for page differentation. This method is compared with that based on angular multiplexing. A reduction in holographic cross talk is predicted. Further cross-talk reduction that is due to sidelobe suppression is observed in experiments by using photorefractive crystals and the proposed orthogonal data storage.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. J. van Heerden, Appl. Opt. 2, 393 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. d'Auria, J. P. Huignard, C. Slezak, E. Spitz, Appl. Opt. 13, 808 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).
  4. W. J. Burke, “Signal/noise ratio of holographic images,” Final Report, contract no. N00019-75-M-0494 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., October1975).
  5. W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, H. A. Weakliem, “Intrinsic noise sources in volume holography,” Final Report, contract no. N00014-75-C-0590 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., December1975).
  6. W. J. Burke, P. Seng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 481 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Blotekjaer, Appl. Opt. 18, 57 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Hesselink, S. Redfield, Opt. Lett. 13, 877 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. D. Henshaw, S. A. Lis, N. R. Guivens, “Compact 4-D optical neural network architecture,” Final Report, contract no. F49620-89-C-0120 (Sparta, Inc., Lexington, Mass., April1990).
  10. F. H. Mok, M. C. Tackitt, H. M. Stoll, Opt. Lett. 16, 605 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).
  12. P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-1.
  14. Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.
  15. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 3rd ed. (CBS College Publishing, New York, 1985), Eq. 13.8-7, p. 438.
  16. G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, V. Leyva, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-3.
  17. V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FU-7.

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

1982 (1)

P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

1977 (1)

W. J. Burke, P. Seng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 481 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

1963 (1)

Blotekjaer, K.

Burke, W. J.

W. J. Burke, P. Seng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 481 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Burke, “Signal/noise ratio of holographic images,” Final Report, contract no. N00019-75-M-0494 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., October1975).

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, H. A. Weakliem, “Intrinsic noise sources in volume holography,” Final Report, contract no. N00014-75-C-0590 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., December1975).

Cooke, D. J.

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).

d'Auria, L.

Denz, C.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-1.

Fainman, Y.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

Ford, J.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

Guivens, N. R.

P. D. Henshaw, S. A. Lis, N. R. Guivens, “Compact 4-D optical neural network architecture,” Final Report, contract no. F49620-89-C-0120 (Sparta, Inc., Lexington, Mass., April1990).

Gunter, P.

P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Henshaw, P. D.

P. D. Henshaw, S. A. Lis, N. R. Guivens, “Compact 4-D optical neural network architecture,” Final Report, contract no. F49620-89-C-0120 (Sparta, Inc., Lexington, Mass., April1990).

Hesselink, L.

Huignard, J. P.

Lee, S. H.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

Leyva, V.

G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, V. Leyva, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-3.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FU-7.

Lis, S. A.

P. D. Henshaw, S. A. Lis, N. R. Guivens, “Compact 4-D optical neural network architecture,” Final Report, contract no. F49620-89-C-0120 (Sparta, Inc., Lexington, Mass., April1990).

Ma, J.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

Mok, F. H.

Pauliat, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-1.

Rakuljic, G. A.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FU-7.

G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, V. Leyva, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-3.

Redfield, S.

Roosen, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-1.

Sasaki, H.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

Seng, P.

W. J. Burke, P. Seng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 481 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, P.

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, H. A. Weakliem, “Intrinsic noise sources in volume holography,” Final Report, contract no. N00014-75-C-0590 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., December1975).

Slezak, C.

Solymar, L.

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).

Spitz, E.

Stoll, H. M.

Tackitt, M. C.

Taketomi, Y.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-1.

van Heerden, P. J.

Weakliem, H. A.

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, H. A. Weakliem, “Intrinsic noise sources in volume holography,” Final Report, contract no. N00014-75-C-0590 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., December1975).

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 3rd ed. (CBS College Publishing, New York, 1985), Eq. 13.8-7, p. 438.

G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, V. Leyva, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-3.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FU-7.

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. J. Burke, P. Seng, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 481 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-1.

Y. Taketomi, J. Ford, H. Sasaki, J. Ma, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-2.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 3rd ed. (CBS College Publishing, New York, 1985), Eq. 13.8-7, p. 438.

G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, V. Leyva, in Digest of Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper MD-3.

V. Leyva, G. A. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, in Digest of Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper FU-7.

P. D. Henshaw, S. A. Lis, N. R. Guivens, “Compact 4-D optical neural network architecture,” Final Report, contract no. F49620-89-C-0120 (Sparta, Inc., Lexington, Mass., April1990).

L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).

W. J. Burke, “Signal/noise ratio of holographic images,” Final Report, contract no. N00019-75-M-0494 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., October1975).

W. J. Burke, P. Sheng, H. A. Weakliem, “Intrinsic noise sources in volume holography,” Final Report, contract no. N00014-75-C-0590 (RCA Laboratories, Princeton, N.J., December1975).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

K space diagram for volume holography that uses angle-multiplexed storage.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

K space diagrams for volume holography that uses orthogonal data storage: (a) single hologram; (b) multiple hologram storage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative spectral responses [10 log10(R/R0)] of 2-mm-thick planar holograms: curve (a), theoretical (envelope only); curve (b), experimental.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for holographic recording with orthogonal data storage. PC, personal computer; M's, mirrors.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relative spectral response [10 log10(R/R0)] of two high-resolution (∼1-μm features) images recorded holographically in a 2-mm-thick photorefractive crystal by using orthogonal data storage.

Equations (3)

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Δ n | E 1 E 0 | sin ( K r + ϕ 1 ϕ 0 ) ,
K = k ( 1 ) k ( 0 ) , E 1 , 0 = | E 1 , 0 | exp ( i ϕ 1 , 0 ) .
η cross talk κ 2 κ 2 + ( Δ k ) 2 ,

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