Abstract

We describe a high-speed optical coherence domain reflectometer. Scan speeds of 40 mm/s are achieved with a dynamic range of >90 dB and a spatial resolution of 17 μm. Two applications are presented: the noninvasive measurement of anterior eye structure in a rabbit in υiυo and the characterization of reflections and interelement spacing in a multielement lens.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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Errata

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, M. R. Hee, and J. G. Fujimoto, "High-speed optical coherence domain reflectometry: erratum," Opt. Lett. 17, 547-547 (1992)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-17-7-547

References

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  1. R. C. Youngquist, S. Carr, D. E. N. Davies, Opt. Lett. 12, 158 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).
  3. D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.
  4. R. P. Novak, H. H. Gilgen, in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colo., 1990), paper PB91-13208.
  5. C. K. Hitzenberger, Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 32, 616 (1991).
    [PubMed]
  6. E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.
  7. M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Hughes, Vis. Res. 12, 123 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. F. Schammas, Am. Intra-Ocular Implant Soc. J. 8, 346 (1982).
  11. M. B. Shields, Textbook of Glaucoma, 2nd ed. (Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md., 1987), Chap. 9.
  12. S. P. Thornton, Ophthalmic Surg. 15, 933 (1984).
  13. V. B. Mountcastle, ed., Medical Physiology, 14th ed. (Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., 1980).

1991

C. K. Hitzenberger, Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 32, 616 (1991).
[PubMed]

M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987

K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).

R. C. Youngquist, S. Carr, D. E. N. Davies, Opt. Lett. 12, 158 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

S. P. Thornton, Ophthalmic Surg. 15, 933 (1984).

1982

H. J. F. Schammas, Am. Intra-Ocular Implant Soc. J. 8, 346 (1982).

1976

A. Hughes, Vis. Res. 12, 123 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Carr, S.

Chida, K.

K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).

Davies, D. E. N.

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.

Gilgen, H. H.

R. P. Novak, H. H. Gilgen, in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colo., 1990), paper PB91-13208.

Hanafasu, H.

M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

C. K. Hitzenberger, Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 32, 616 (1991).
[PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.

Hughes, A.

A. Hughes, Vis. Res. 12, 123 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.

Noda, J.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).

Novak, R. P.

R. P. Novak, H. H. Gilgen, in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colo., 1990), paper PB91-13208.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.

Schammas, H. J. F.

H. J. F. Schammas, Am. Intra-Ocular Implant Soc. J. 8, 346 (1982).

Shields, M. B.

M. B. Shields, Textbook of Glaucoma, 2nd ed. (Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md., 1987), Chap. 9.

Swanson, E. A.

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.

Takada, K.

M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).

Taylor, H. F.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thornton, S. P.

S. P. Thornton, Ophthalmic Surg. 15, 933 (1984).

Wang, J.

D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.

Yokohama, I.

K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).

Youngquist, R. C.

Am. Intra-Ocular Implant Soc. J.

H. J. F. Schammas, Am. Intra-Ocular Implant Soc. J. 8, 346 (1982).

Appl. Opt.

K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1063 (1987).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Kobayashi, H. Hanafasu, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 623 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.

C. K. Hitzenberger, Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 32, 616 (1991).
[PubMed]

Ophthalmic Surg.

S. P. Thornton, Ophthalmic Surg. 15, 933 (1984).

Opt. Lett.

Vis. Res.

A. Hughes, Vis. Res. 12, 123 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. B. Shields, Textbook of Glaucoma, 2nd ed. (Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md., 1987), Chap. 9.

E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CTuS2.

D. Huang, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, C. A. Puliafito, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CFK1.

R. P. Novak, H. H. Gilgen, in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colo., 1990), paper PB91-13208.

V. B. Mountcastle, ed., Medical Physiology, 14th ed. (Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., 1980).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the high-speed OCDR system. A-D, analog-to-digital converter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SLD power spectral density.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interference signal at the photodector and demodulated interference envelope.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

System sensitivity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measurement of the anterior of a rabbit eye performed in υiυo, (b) Schematic of eye structure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measurement of multielement laser-diode collimating lens, (b) An x ray of the lens.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ L = ln ( 2 ) 2 π λ 2 Δ λ ,
f D = 2 υ λ ,
Δ f = ln ( 4 ) 4 π υ Δ L .
SNR = 1 2 η P s h ν R s NEB ,

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