Abstract

We report the observation of coherent backscattering of optical second-harmonic generation that is due to excitation of the long-range surface plasmon mode at a silver–quartz interface. A peak-to-background ratio of greater than 2 is seen, which is possible for a coherent scattering process in nonlinear optics. The backscattering pattern has an angular half-width of 15 mrad in the incident plane but 90 mrad in the transverse plane. This effect is consistent with simple wave-vector considerations. Backscattering is observed only over a limited range of silver film thicknesses that correspond to a maximum propagation length for the surface mode.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 33 (1991).
  2. J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 37 (1991).
  3. M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds., Scattering in Volumes and Surfaces (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), p. 143.
  4. A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 359 (1990).
  5. V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, Phys. Lett. A 131, 378 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. M. Loo, S. Lee, Y. Takiguchi, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 14, 800 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  7. V. E. Krautsov, V. M. Agranovich, K. I. Grigorishin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 4431 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. R. McGurn, V. M. Agranovich, T. Lesovka, Phys. Rev. B 44, 11441 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Wang, H. J. Simon, Opt. Lett. 16, 1475 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Wang, Ph.D. dissertation (The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, 1992).
  12. D. Sarid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  13. F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965), p. 74.
  15. R. T. Deck, R. K. Grygier, Appl. Opt. 23, 3202 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Q. Jin, M. Lax, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9819 (1990).
    [Crossref]

1991 (6)

J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 33 (1991).

J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 37 (1991).

V. E. Krautsov, V. M. Agranovich, K. I. Grigorishin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 4431 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, V. M. Agranovich, T. Lesovka, Phys. Rev. B 44, 11441 (1991).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, H. J. Simon, Opt. Lett. 16, 1475 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

Y. Q. Jin, M. Lax, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9819 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 359 (1990).

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, Phys. Lett. A 131, 378 (1988).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

D. Sarid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927 (1981).
[Crossref]

Agranovich, V. M.

V. E. Krautsov, V. M. Agranovich, K. I. Grigorishin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 4431 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, V. M. Agranovich, T. Lesovka, Phys. Rev. B 44, 11441 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, Phys. Lett. A 131, 378 (1988).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965), p. 74.

Bradberry, G. W.

F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deck, R. T.

R. T. Deck, R. K. Grygier, Appl. Opt. 23, 3202 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
[Crossref]

Grigorishin, K. I.

V. E. Krautsov, V. M. Agranovich, K. I. Grigorishin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 4431 (1991).
[Crossref]

Grygier, R. K.

Jin, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Jin, M. Lax, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9819 (1990).
[Crossref]

Krautsov, V. E.

V. E. Krautsov, V. M. Agranovich, K. I. Grigorishin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 4431 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kravtsov, V. E.

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, Phys. Lett. A 131, 378 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lax, M.

Y. Q. Jin, M. Lax, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9819 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Lesovka, T.

A. R. McGurn, V. M. Agranovich, T. Lesovka, Phys. Rev. B 44, 11441 (1991).
[Crossref]

Loo, K. M.

McGurn, A. R.

A. R. McGurn, V. M. Agranovich, T. Lesovka, Phys. Rev. B 44, 11441 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 359 (1990).

Quail, J. C.

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
[Crossref]

Rako, J. G.

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
[Crossref]

Sajeev, J.

J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 33 (1991).

J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 37 (1991).

Sambles, J. R.

F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarid, D.

D. Sarid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927 (1981).
[Crossref]

Simon, H. J.

X. Wang, H. J. Simon, Opt. Lett. 16, 1475 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
[Crossref]

Takiguchi, Y.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Ph.D. dissertation (The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, 1992).

Yang, F.

F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. M. Agranovich, V. E. Kravtsov, Phys. Lett. A 131, 378 (1988).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

V. E. Krautsov, V. M. Agranovich, K. I. Grigorishin, Phys. Rev. B 44, 4431 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. R. McGurn, V. M. Agranovich, T. Lesovka, Phys. Rev. B 44, 11441 (1991).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Jin, M. Lax, Phys. Rev. B 42, 9819 (1990).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. Sarid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927 (1981).
[Crossref]

F. Yang, G. W. Bradberry, J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2030 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, R. T. Deck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987 (1983).
[Crossref]

Phys. Today (2)

J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 33 (1991).

J. Sajeev, Phys. Today 44(5), 37 (1991).

Surf. Sci. Rep. (1)

A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 359 (1990).

Other (3)

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds., Scattering in Volumes and Surfaces (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), p. 143.

Y. Wang, Ph.D. dissertation (The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, 1992).

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965), p. 74.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental layout. Pol, polarizer; BS, beam splitter. H and V indicate horizontal and vertical translation of the PMT2 detector assembly, respectively; the thin and thick arrows indicate paths of 1.06- and 0.53-μm radiation, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Backscattered SHG versus the detector scan angle at angle of incidence for excitation of the LRSP mode. (a) Scan is in the horizontal plane of incidence; zero of the abscissa is the antispecular direction of the fundamental radiation. (b) Scan is in the vertical plane; zero of the abscissa is in the plane of incidence.

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