Abstract

A method for measuring optical frequencies from the UV to the near IR relative to a microwave frequency standard is proposed. The concept is to measure the frequency difference of two known ratios (1/2 and 2/3) of an optical frequency f relative to the cesium clock. By employing optical parametric oscillators and wideband modulators to link the (1/2) f and (2/3) f frequencies, a precise and accurate optical frequency comb can be provided in the ~1–2 μm wavelength region. By using this comb, most optical frequencies from the UV to the near IR can be measured or synthesized. A configuration for measuring the frequency of the hydrogen 1S–2S transition is described.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1990 (3)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boesl, U.

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

Day, T.

Hänsch, T. W.

H. R. Telle, D. Meschede, T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 15, 532 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hildum, E. A.

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaplan, A.

Kobayashi, T.

B. Y. Lee, T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, T. Sueta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 146.

Lee, B. Y.

B. Y. Lee, T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, T. Sueta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 146.

Lee, D.

McIntyre, D. H.

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meschede, D.

Morimoto, A.

B. Y. Lee, T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, T. Sueta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 146.

Nabors, C. D.

Sueta, T.

B. Y. Lee, T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, T. Sueta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 146.

Telle, H. R.

Wineland, D. J.

D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wong, N. C.

Yang, S. T.

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. A. Hildum, U. Boesl, D. H. McIntyre, R. G. Beausoleil, T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 576 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

B. Y. Lee, T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, T. Sueta, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 146.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration of a parallel-OPO optical frequency counter. PL, phase-locked; ϕ, modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency plot of the parallel-OPO configuration of Fig. 1. The dashed lines indicate the signal and idler pairs of the OPO’s. Strong modulation applied to the signals facilitates phase locking and provides numerous sidebands to form an optical frequency comb.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of an OPO configuration for measuring the hydrogen 1S–2S transition frequency.

Equations (2)

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f a = 1 3 f 0 = 4 9 f p ,             f b = 1 3 f 0 + 2 f d = 1 2 f p ,
f p = 18 ( f b - f a ) = 36 f d .

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