Abstract

A sapphire optical fiber intrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometric sensor is demonstrated. A length of multimode sapphire fiber that functions as a Fabry–Perot cavity is spliced to a silica single-mode fiber. The interferometric signals of this sensor are produced by the interference between the reflection from the silica–sapphire fiber splice and the reflection from the free end face of the sapphire fiber. This sensor has been demonstrated for temperature measurement. A resolution of 0.2°C has been obtained over a measurement range of 310°C to 976°C.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  2. K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. E. Udd, Fiber Optics Sensors: An Introduction for Engineers and Scientists (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 146.
  4. C. E. Lee, M. Corke, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
    [Crossref]
  7. R. R. Dils, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 1198 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

1991 (3)

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

1988 (1)

C. E. Lee, M. Corke, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

R. R. Dils, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 1198 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[Crossref]

Claus, R. O.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
[Crossref]

Corke, M.

C. E. Lee, M. Corke, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[Crossref]

Dils, R. R.

R. R. Dils, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 1198 (1983).
[Crossref]

Fogg, B. R.

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

Gunther, M. F.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
[Crossref]

Itoh, K.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[Crossref]

Kurosawa, K.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. E.

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[Crossref]

C. E. Lee, M. Corke, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[Crossref]

Murphy, K. A.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
[Crossref]

Ose, T.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[Crossref]

Taylor, H. F.

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[Crossref]

Udd, E.

E. Udd, Fiber Optics Sensors: An Introduction for Engineers and Scientists (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 146.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
[Crossref]

Wang, G. Z.

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

Yoshino, T.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. E. Lee, M. Corke, Electron. Lett. 24, 193 (1988).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. E. Lee, H. F. Taylor, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 129 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, K. Itoh, T. Ose, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1624 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. R. Dils, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 1198 (1983).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett (1)

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett 16, 273 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

K. A. Murphy, G. Z. Wang, B. R. Fogg, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1588, 117 (1991).

Other (2)

E. Udd, Fiber Optics Sensors: An Introduction for Engineers and Scientists (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 146.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, in Proceedings of Eighth Optical Fiber Sensor Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), p. 193.
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the sapphire-fiber-based IFPI high-temperature sensor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup for temperature measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope trace of the interference fringe of the sensor output versus time during an increase in temperature. The upper trace is an expanded view of part of the lower trace.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sensor output as a function of temperature.

Equations (2)

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ϕ 2 n L ,
Δ ϕ 4 π λ 0 ( n Δ L + L Δ n ) ,

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