Abstract

The frequency of a 1.5-μm three-electrode multiple-quantum-well distributed-feedback diode laser was stabilized to a reference Fabry–Perot cavity by using a current-modulated FM sideband technique. The low-frequency AM noise imposed on the frequency error signal was effectively reduced with this technique, and the power spectrum density of the FM noise was reduced to less than 25 Hz2/Hz at a Fourier frequency of less than 10 kHz, which corresponded to a Lorentz spectral half-linewidth of approximately 80 Hz.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Ohtsu, Highly Coherent Semiconductor Lasers (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1992).
  2. B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, R. Drullinger, Opt. Lett. 12, 876 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  4. C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. Lenth, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1045 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. Lenth, M. Gehrtz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1263 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  9. O. Ishida, H. Toda, Electron. Lett. 23, 1161 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Opt. Commun. 80, 359 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. J. Lucero, Y. C. Chung, S. Reilly, R. W. Tkach, Opt. Lett. 16, 849 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (4)

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Opt. Commun. 80, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. J. Lucero, Y. C. Chung, S. Reilly, R. W. Tkach, Opt. Lett. 16, 849 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1987 (2)

1985 (1)

W. Lenth, M. Gehrtz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1263 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

W. Lenth, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1045 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

Baer, T.

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

Barwood, G. P.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Opt. Commun. 80, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chinone, N.

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y. C.

Dahmani, B.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Drullinger, R.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Gehrtz, M.

W. Lenth, M. Gehrtz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1263 (1985).
[Crossref]

Gill, P.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Opt. Commun. 80, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

Harada, T.

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, R. Drullinger, Opt. Lett. 12, 876 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ishida, O.

O. Ishida, H. Toda, Electron. Lett. 23, 1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kourogi, M.

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Lenth, W.

W. Lenth, M. Gehrtz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1263 (1985).
[Crossref]

W. Lenth, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1045 (1984).
[Crossref]

Lucero, A. J.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ohtsu, Highly Coherent Semiconductor Lasers (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1992).

Okai, M.

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

Reilly, S.

Robinson, H. G.

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

Rowley, W. R. C.

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Opt. Commun. 80, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

Shin, C.-H.

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tkach, R. W.

Toda, H.

O. Ishida, H. Toda, Electron. Lett. 23, 1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

Tsuchiya, T.

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

Uomi, K.

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Lenth, M. Gehrtz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1263 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

O. Ishida, H. Toda, Electron. Lett. 23, 1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Lenth, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1045 (1984).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Kourogi, C.-H. Shin, M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 496 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Okai, T. Tsuchiya, K. Uomi, N. Chinone, T. Harada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 427 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Opt. Commun. 80, 359 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

M. Ohtsu, Highly Coherent Semiconductor Lasers (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1992).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. LD, laser diode; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; QWP, quarter-wave plate; PD, photodetector; BEF, band-elimination filter at 2fm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscilloscope trace of the demodulated dispersion signal of the reference cavity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power spectral density of the frequency noise. The upper and lower curves in (a) show the frequency noise of the free-running and stabilized laser, respectively. The low-frequency (1–100 kHz) component of the frequency noise is shown in (b).

Equations (2)

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E ( t ) = E 0 [ 1 + A cos ( 2 π f m t + δ ) ] × exp [ i 2 π ν 0 t + i M sin ( 2 π f m t ) ] ,
I ( t ) 2 I 0 ( Re [ H FP ( ν 0 ) ] A [ - sin δ ( 1 + M 2 / 2 ) × sin ( 2 π f m t ) + cos δ cos ( 2 π f m t ) ] + Im [ H FP ( ν 0 ) ] M { [ 1 - ( A 2 sin 2 δ ) / 2 ] × sin ( 2 π f m t ) + ( A 2 sin δ cos δ ) / 2 cos ( 2 π f m t ) } ) ,

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