Abstract

We report 1.064-μm laser operation of an epitaxially grown Nd:YAG planar waveguide with thresholds as low as ~0.7 mW when high-reflectivity mirrors are used. The output is single mode and, when a 83% reflectivity output coupler is used, has a diode pumped slope efficiency of ~40%. Output powers in excess of 60 mW have been obtained when pumping with a Rhodamine 6G dye laser.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. W. France, ed., Optical Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers (Blackie, London, 1991).
  2. S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, L. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 17, 52 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Brinkmann, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Electron. Lett. 25, 985 (1991).
  5. M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. A. Bonner, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 193 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.
  9. B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, D. Pelenc, Ch. Wyon, in Digest of European Conference on Crystal Growth (Trans Tech, Zurich, Switzerland, 1991), paper B2.
  10. P. Mockel, R. Oberbacher, W. Rausher, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3460 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981), Vol. 14, p. 321.
  13. W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Nishimura, T. Omi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1011 (1975).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Brinkmann, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Electron. Lett. 25, 985 (1991).

1989 (1)

W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

T. Nishimura, T. Omi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1011 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

P. Mockel, R. Oberbacher, W. Rausher, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3460 (1974).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Bonner, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 193 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, W. A.

W. A. Bonner, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 193 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmann, R.

R. Brinkmann, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Electron. Lett. 25, 985 (1991).

Chambaz, B.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, D. Pelenc, Ch. Wyon, in Digest of European Conference on Crystal Growth (Trans Tech, Zurich, Switzerland, 1991), paper B2.

Chandler, P. J.

Chartier, I.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.

Clarkson, W. A.

W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

de Micheli, M.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, D. Pelenc, Ch. Wyon, in Digest of European Conference on Crystal Growth (Trans Tech, Zurich, Switzerland, 1991), paper B2.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.

Field, S. J.

Gaeta, C. J.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grabmaier, J. G.

J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Grezes-Besset, C.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

He, Q.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981), Vol. 14, p. 321.

Kruhler, W. W.

J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Large, A. C.

Li, M. J.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, S.

K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Mockel, P.

J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
[CrossRef]

P. Mockel, R. Oberbacher, W. Rausher, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3460 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, J.

K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, T.

T. Nishimura, T. Omi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1011 (1975).
[CrossRef]

O’Meara, D.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Oberbacher, R.

P. Mockel, R. Oberbacher, W. Rausher, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3460 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Omi, T.

T. Nishimura, T. Omi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1011 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Pelenc, D.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, D. Pelenc, Ch. Wyon, in Digest of European Conference on Crystal Growth (Trans Tech, Zurich, Switzerland, 1991), paper B2.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.

Pelletier, E.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Plattner, R. D.

J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pochelle, J. P.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

Rausher, W.

P. Mockel, R. Oberbacher, W. Rausher, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3460 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Sohler, W.

R. Brinkmann, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Electron. Lett. 25, 985 (1991).

Suche, H.

R. Brinkmann, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Electron. Lett. 25, 985 (1991).

Townsend, P. D.

Tropper, A. C.

Vial, J. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.

Wyon, Ch.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, D. Pelenc, Ch. Wyon, in Digest of European Conference on Crystal Growth (Trans Tech, Zurich, Switzerland, 1991), paper B2.

Zhang, L.

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Brinkmann, W. Sohler, H. Suche, Electron. Lett. 25, 985 (1991).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, D. O’Meara, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Lallier, J. P. Pochelle, M. Papuchon, M. de Micheli, M. J. Li, Q. He, D. B. Ostrowsky, C. Grezes-Besset, E. Pelletier, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 618(1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

P. Mockel, R. Oberbacher, W. Rausher, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3460 (1974).
[CrossRef]

K. Kubodera, J. Nakano, K. Otsuka, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 65 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

J. G. Grabmaier, R. D. Plattner, P. Mockel, W. W. Kruhler, J. Cryst. Growth 34, 280 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

W. A. Bonner, J. Electron. Mater. 3, 193 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 483 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Nishimura, T. Omi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1011 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

P. W. France, ed., Optical Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers (Blackie, London, 1991).

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981), Vol. 14, p. 321.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, J. C. Vial, in Digest of Laser Material Engineering, Medicine and Biology, Physics and Chemistry (Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France, 1991), paper E40.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, D. Pelenc, Ch. Wyon, in Digest of European Conference on Crystal Growth (Trans Tech, Zurich, Switzerland, 1991), paper B2.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output power versus launched power for a diode-pumped Nd:YAG planar waveguide.

Equations (1)

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P = π h ν 2 σ τ fl ( W p x 2 + W s x 2 ) 1 / 2 ( W p y 2 + W s y 2 ) 1 / 2 L ,

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