Abstract

The influence of dispersive pulse-broadening effects on femtosecond pulse formation in solid-state lasers has been investigated. Empirical formulas are derived from computer simulations, which permits the estimation of the magnitude of performance-limiting effects in practical solid-state systems.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, Opt. Lett. 16, 738 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Spinelli, B. Conillaud, N. Goldblatt, D. K. Negus, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7.
  6. Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2470 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. F. Curley, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1016 (1991).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, “Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
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1992 (1)

1991 (11)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Conillaud, B.

L. Spinelli, B. Conillaud, N. Goldblatt, D. K. Negus, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7.

Cunningham, J. E.

Curley, P. F.

de Barros, M. R. X.

Ferguson, A. I.

Fermann, M. E.

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, “Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

French, P. M. W.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goldblatt, N.

L. Spinelli, B. Conillaud, N. Goldblatt, D. K. Negus, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7.

Haberl, F.

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, “Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Haus, H. A.

Hofer, M.

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, “Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Ippen, E. P.

Ishida, Y.

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

Miranda, R. S.

Mogi, K.

Naganuma, K.

Nakano, H.

Negus, D. K.

L. Spinelli, B. Conillaud, N. Goldblatt, D. K. Negus, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7.

New, G. H. C.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, “Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Sarukura, N.

Schmidt, A. J.

Schmidt, A. J.Schmidt

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, Ch.

Spinelli, L.

L. Spinelli, B. Conillaud, N. Goldblatt, D. K. Negus, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7.

t’Hooft, G. W.

Taylor, J. R.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. A. R.

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2470 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, G. H. C. New, J. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1884 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (12)

Other (2)

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, “Characterization of ultrashort pulse formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

L. Spinelli, B. Conillaud, N. Goldblatt, D. K. Negus, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Steady-state pulse duration versus the net round-trip GDD in a solitary laser with limited bandwidth for different values of Dg and ϕW = 43 fs. Curve 1, Dg = 0; curve 2, Dg = 112 fs2; curve 3, Dg = 335 fs2; curve 4, Dg = 632 fs2; curve 5, Dg = 1760 fs2. (b) Steady-state pulse durations versus the net round-trip GDD in a solitary laser with limited bandwidth for different values of Dg and ϕW = 172.5 fs. Curve 1, Dg = 0; curve 2, Dg = 335 fs2; curve 3, Dg = 1760 fs2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Solitary pulse width versus the net GDD in the presence of third-order dispersion with ϕW = 43 fs: curve 1, |D3| = 0 fs3; curve 2, |D3| = 10,000 fs3; curve 3, |D3| = 20,000 fs3; curve 4, |D3| = 30,000 fs3. The circles on curve 5 represent the boundaries of stable mode-locking regimes for the same values of D3 with ϕW = 172.5 fs: a, |D3| = 0 fs3; b, |D3| = 10,000 fs3; c, |D3| = 20,000 fs3; d, |D3| = 30,000 fs3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Steady-state pulse duration versus the net GDD in a solitary laser with a dispersive Kerr medium. Curve 1, Dn = 0 fs2; curve 2, Dn, = 800 fs2; curve 3, Dn = 1600 fs2; curve 4, Dn = 3200 fs2; curve 5, Dn = 0; curve 6, Dn = 800 fs2; curve 7, Dn = 1600 fs2; curve 8, Dn = 3200 fs2. ϕW = 43 fs for curves 1–4, and ϕW = 172.5 fs for curves 5–8.

Equations (5)

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τ = 3.53 D ϕ W + α ϕ W ,
D g < 0.35 D
τ min β / Δ ν .
D 3 < 0.2 D τ .
D n < 0.25 τ 2

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