Abstract

The phase and amplitude noise spectra of a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser are measured and compared with the noise characteristics of a colliding-pulse mode-locked (CPM) dye laser. The timing jitter of the Ti:sapphire laser is found to be approximately half that of the CPM laser for jitter rates above 50 Hz. The amplitude noise of both lasers is comparable for frequencies of as much as several hundred kilohertz. However, between 0.5 and 5 MHz the noise spectrum of the Ti:sapphire laser is 126–134 dB below the carrier, while the CPM laser noise is limited by the pump laser at 115–131 dB below the carrier.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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1991 (7)

1990 (3)

1989 (2)

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[Crossref]

‘tHooft, G. W.

U. Keller, G. W. ‘tHooft, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. ‘tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Bado, P.

Bloom, D. M.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

Coe, S.

Cunningham, J. E.

U. Keller, G. W. ‘tHooft, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. ‘tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Darack, S. B.

Dykaar, D. R.

Evans, J. M.

Finch, A.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115 (1990).
[Crossref]

Fork, R. L.

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[Crossref]

Harvey, G. T.

Heutmaker, M. S.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, Opt. Lett. 15, 1026 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishida, Y.

Islam, M. N.

Kean, P. N.

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115 (1990).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, G. W. ‘tHooft, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, C. E. Soccolich, G. Sucha, M. N. Islam, M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 15, 974 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, Opt. Lett. 15, 1026 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. W. ‘tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Knox, W. H.

U. Keller, G. W. ‘tHooft, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. ‘tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

Li, K. D.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Nakano, H.

Nuss, M. C.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, Opt. Lett. 15, 1026 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodwell, M. J. W.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

Salin, F.

Sarukura, N.

Sibbett, W.

Sleat, W. E.

Smith, P. R.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, Opt. Lett. 15, 1026 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soccolich, C. E.

Spence, D. E.

Squier, J.

Sucha, G.

Valdmanis, J. A.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[Crossref]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115 (1990).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (3)

“Spectrum analysis … noise measurements,” Application Note 150-4 (Hewlett-Packard, Palto Alto, Calif., 1974).

G. W. ‘tHooft, U. Keller, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper JMA6.

For example, Coherent’s Mira laser.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Single-sided phase noise spectral density and (b) the single-sided amplitude noise spectral density of the Ti:sapphire and CPM lasers in units of decibels below the carrier in a 1-Hz bandwidth

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

High-frequency amplitude noise spectra of the lasers. The data were collected at a resolution bandwidth of 1 kHz and then normalized to 1 Hz. The background is the noise level of the spectrum analyzer and the photodetector with the laser beam blocked.

Equations (5)

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P n ( f ) P c [ S A ( f ) + ( 2 π n f 0 ) 2 S J ( f ) ] ,
L n ( f ) 10 log [ P n ( f ) 1.2 B P c ] ,
L J ( f ) 10 log [ ( 2 π f 0 ) 2 S J ( f ) 1.2 B ] = 10 log { [ 10 L n ( f ) 10 - 10 L 1 ( f ) 10 ] / ( n 2 - 1 ) } ,
L A ( f ) 10 log [ S A ( f ) 1.2 B ] = 10 log [ 10 L 1 ( f ) 10 - 10 L J ( f ) 10 ] ,
σ J = [ 2 f L f H S J ( f ) 1.2 B d f ] 1 / 2 = 1 2 π f 0 [ 2 f L f H 10 L J ( f ) 10 d f ] 1 / 2 ,

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