Abstract

We report the growth and characterization of a new photorefractive material, potassium lithium tantalate niobate (KLTN). A KLTN crystal doped with copper is demonstrated to yield high diffraction efficiency of photorefractive gratings in the paraelectric phase. Voltage-controllable index gratings with n1, = 8.5 × 10−5 were achieved, which yielded diffraction efficiencies of 75% in a 2.9-mm-thick sample. In addition, diffraction was observed in the paraelectric phase without an applied field. This effect is attributed to a growth-induced strain field.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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