Abstract

High-resolution degenerate four-wave mixing spectra of the R1(9) A2Σ+X2Π(0,0) transition of OH have been measured in a hydrogen/oxygen flame at atmospheric pressure where the Doppler and homogeneous linewidths are of comparable magnitude. The observed sub-Lorentzian Doppler-free line profile is fit well by existing perturbative models by using homogeneous broadening consistent with two-photon absorption measurements. Power broadening of the spectral profile with increasing pump-beam intensity was observed and is compared with predictions from a nonperturbative two-level model.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. W. Fairchild, G. P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1795 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

1990 (3)

1988 (2)

1986 (2)

1985 (2)

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, Opt. Lett. 10, 264 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ducloy, F. A. M. de Oliveira, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 32, 1614 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

P. W. Fairchild, G. P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1795 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

D. Bloch, R. K. Raj, K. S. Peng, M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 719 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. F Lam, R. L. Abrams, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1539 (1982).

1981 (2)

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 711 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 180 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

W. L. Dimpfl, J. L. Kinsey, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 21, 233 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

Abrams, R. L.

J. F Lam, R. L. Abrams, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1539 (1982).

R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Bloch, D.

M. Ducloy, F. A. M. de Oliveira, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 32, 1614 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Bloch, R. K. Raj, K. S. Peng, M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 719 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 711 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cesar, C. L.

Chencinski, N.

N. Chencinski, W. M. Schreiber, A. M. Levine, Y. Prior, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2839 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crosley, D. R.

P. W. Fairchild, G. P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1795 (1983).
[CrossRef]

de Oliveira, F. A. M.

M. Ducloy, F. A. M. de Oliveira, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 32, 1614 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Oliveira, P. C.

Dimpfl, W. L.

W. L. Dimpfl, J. L. Kinsey, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 21, 233 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dreier, T.

Ducloy, M.

C. L. Cesar, J. W. R. Tabosa, P. C. de Oliveira, M. Ducloy, J. R. R. Leite, Opt. Lett. 13, 1108 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ducloy, F. A. M. de Oliveira, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 32, 1614 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Bloch, R. K. Raj, K. S. Peng, M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 719 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 711 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ewart, P.

Fairchild, P. W.

P. W. Fairchild, G. P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1795 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Farrow, R. L.

Goldsmith, J. E. M.

J. E. M. Goldsmith, L. A. Rahn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 749 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. E. M. Goldsmith, in Proceedings of the Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), p. 1331.

Hesselink, L.

Kinsey, J. L.

W. L. Dimpfl, J. L. Kinsey, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 21, 233 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lam, J. F

J. F Lam, R. L. Abrams, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1539 (1982).

Lam, J. F.

R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Laurendeau, N. M.

Leite, J. R. R.

Levine, A. M.

N. Chencinski, W. M. Schreiber, A. M. Levine, Y. Prior, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2839 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, P. F.

R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Lind, R. C.

R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978); Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Lucht, R. P.

Nilsen, J.

O'Leary, S. V

Pender, J.

Peng, K. S.

D. Bloch, R. K. Raj, K. S. Peng, M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 719 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Prior, Y.

N. Chencinski, W. M. Schreiber, A. M. Levine, Y. Prior, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2839 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rahn, L. A.

Raj, R. K.

D. Bloch, R. K. Raj, K. S. Peng, M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 719 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rakestraw, D. J.

Schreiber, W. M.

N. Chencinski, W. M. Schreiber, A. M. Levine, Y. Prior, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2839 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, G. P.

P. W. Fairchild, G. P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1795 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Steel, D. G.

R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

Sweeney, D. W

Tabosa, J. W. R.

Yariv, A.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. W. Fairchild, G. P. Smith, D. R. Crosley, J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1795 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 711 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

W. L. Dimpfl, J. L. Kinsey, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 21, 233 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

M. Ducloy, F. A. M. de Oliveira, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 32, 1614 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F Lam, R. L. Abrams, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1539 (1982).

M. Ducloy, D. Bloch, Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. Chencinski, W. M. Schreiber, A. M. Levine, Y. Prior, Phys. Rev. A 42, 2839 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Bloch, R. K. Raj, K. S. Peng, M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 719 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. E. M. Goldsmith, in Proceedings of the Twentieth Symposium (International) on Combustion (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), p. 1331.

R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, P. F. Liao, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

DFWM spectral profile at low pump intensity, I/IS = 0.08. The measured data are shown with three predictions of the two-level model: for stationary molecules, for nonstationary molecules, and in the infinite Doppler limit. The line profiles for stationary molecules and in the infinite Doppler limit express the limiting forms for the nonstationary model.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Half-width of the DFWM spectra as a function of pump-beam intensity. The homogeneous linewidth is indicated along with two predictions based on the two-level model for stationary molecules and on a four-level model in the infinite Doppler limit.

Equations (2)

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L ( Δ ) α 0 2 Γ 6 ( I / I S ) 2 ( Δ 2 + Γ pb 2 ) 3 ,
Γ pb 2 = Γ 2 ( 1 + 4 I / I S ) .

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