Abstract

Compared with the use of phase-insensitive linear quantum amplifiers of the same gain G, the use of phase-sensitive linear amplifiers on phase coherent classical light sources in an amplifier–attenuator chain reduces the total quantum noise power by a factor of 4, the homodyne noise variance by 2, and the photon number variance by 2–8 and suppresses the Kerr effect linear phase fluctuation variance as well as the soliton timing-error variance by 2G2.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Desurvire, C. R. Giles, J. R. Simpson, J. L. Zyskind, Opt. Lett. 14, 1266 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evanglides, H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 194 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. P. Yuen, Opt. Lett. 12, 789 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. P. Yuen, in Photons and Quantum Fluctuations, E. R. Pike, H. Walther, eds. (Hilger, London, 1988), pp. 1–9.
  5. S. S. Wagner, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 419 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 15, 1351 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. P. Gordon, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 11, 665 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2226 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Loudon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. A. Haus, J. A. Mullen, Phys. Rev. 128, 2407 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  12. In this Letter I consider everything on a per mode, i.e., per unit time per unit frequency, basis.
  13. H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2176 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evanglides, H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1987 (2)

H. P. Yuen, Opt. Lett. 12, 789 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Wagner, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

1985 (1)

R. Loudon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2226 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

H. A. Haus, J. A. Mullen, Phys. Rev. 128, 2407 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

Evanglides, S. G.

L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evanglides, H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

Gordon, J. P.

Haus, H. A.

L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evanglides, H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 11, 665 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, J. A. Mullen, Phys. Rev. 128, 2407 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evanglides, H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 15, 1351 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullen, J. A.

H. A. Haus, J. A. Mullen, Phys. Rev. 128, 2407 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Wagner, S. S.

S. S. Wagner, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, H. P.

H. P. Yuen, Opt. Lett. 12, 789 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2176 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2226 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Yuen, in Photons and Quantum Fluctuations, E. R. Pike, H. Walther, eds. (Hilger, London, 1988), pp. 1–9.

Zyskind, J. L.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evanglides, H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 194 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Loudon, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. S. Wagner, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. A. Mullen, Phys. Rev. 128, 2407 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. A 13, 2226 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. P. Yuen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2176 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

In this Letter I consider everything on a per mode, i.e., per unit time per unit frequency, basis.

H. P. Yuen, in Photons and Quantum Fluctuations, E. R. Pike, H. Walther, eds. (Hilger, London, 1988), pp. 1–9.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Equations (17)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

b = G 1 / 2 a + ( G 1 ) 1 / 2 υ ,
b 1 = G 1 / 2 a 1 , b 2 = G 1 / 2 a 2 ,
Δ b 1 2 + Δ b 2 2 Δ a 1 2 Δ a 2 2 ~ G Δ a 1 2
Δ N b 2 ~ G 2 S + G 2 / 8 ,
b i , 1 = G i 1 / 2 a i , 1 , b i , 2 = G i 1 / 2 a i , 2 ,
a i + 1 = η i 1 / 2 b i + ( 1 η i ) 1 / 2 d i ,
b n , 1 = G 1 / 2 a 1 , 1 + ( G 1 ) 1 / 2 k = 1 n 1 d k , 1 ,
b n , 2 = η n 1 / 2 a 1 , 2 + η 1 / 2 ( 1 η ) 1 / 2 k = 1 n 1 η n k 1 d k , 2 ,
a n + 1 , 1 = a 1 , 1 + ( 1 η ) 1 / 2 k = 1 n d k , 1 ,
a n + 1 , 2 = η n a 1 , 2 + ( 1 η ) 1 / 2 k = 1 n η n k d k , 2 .
b n = G 1 / 2 a 1 + ( G 1 ) 1 / 2 k = 1 n 1 d k + ( G 1 ) 1 / 2 k = 1 n υ k .
SNR b n , 1 = SNR a 1 , 1 / [ 1 + ( n 1 ) ( G 1 ) 4 Δ a 1 , 1 2 G ] ,
SNR b n , 1 = SNR a 1 , 1 / [ 1 + ( 2 n 1 ) ( G 1 ) 4 Δ a 1 , 1 2 G ] .
Δ N b n 2 ~ G ( G 1 ) ( n 1 ) S + ( G 1 ) 2 ( n 1 ) ( n 2 ) / 8 ,
Δ N b n 2 ~ G ( G 1 ) ( 2 n 1 ) N a 1 + ( G 1 ) 2 n ( n 1 ) .
Δ b i , 2 2 = η 2 i 1 Δ a 1 , 2 2 + η 4 ( 1 + η ) ( 1 η 2 i 2 ) .
δ t 2 = ( A N 0 ) n 3 L 2 / 18 ( G + 1 ) ,

Metrics