Abstract

We describe the lasing characteristics of an external-cavity 1.3-μm-wavelength traveling-wave semiconductor laser that uses a tilted-stripe optical amplifier. It was found that within a 45-nm-wavelength tuning range the power level does not suffer any discontinuous change. The lasing spectrum remains single mode within a 35-nm range, and the linewidth is less than 50 kHz. The lasing frequency is stable and changes by only 25 MHz/°C and by approximately 1.6 MHz/mA. For cw operation the intracavity power reaches 24 mW, and for long-pulse operation the power level is as high as 175 mW. The lasing power level exhibits long-term stability. Moreover the intracavity power level is found to be insensitive to the coupled output power.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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1991

K. C. Harvey, C. J. Myatt, Opt. Lett. 16, 910 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gavrilovic, V. B. Smirnitakii, J. Bisberg, M. O’Neill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

M. R. Mathews, K. H. Cameron, R. Wyatt, W. J. Devlin, Electron. Lett. 21, 113 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981

M. W. Fleming, A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bisberg, J.

P. Gavrilovic, V. B. Smirnitakii, J. Bisberg, M. O’Neill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, K. H.

M. R. Mathews, K. H. Cameron, R. Wyatt, W. J. Devlin, Electron. Lett. 21, 113 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Devlin, W. J.

M. R. Mathews, K. H. Cameron, R. Wyatt, W. J. Devlin, Electron. Lett. 21, 113 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, M. W.

M. W. Fleming, A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilovic, P.

P. Gavrilovic, V. B. Smirnitakii, J. Bisberg, M. O’Neill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hall, K. L.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hamanaka, K.

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, K. C.

Hawkins, R. J.

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Holmstrom, R.

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kyuma, K.

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

LaCourse, J.

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. P.

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mathews, M. R.

M. R. Mathews, K. H. Cameron, R. Wyatt, W. J. Devlin, Electron. Lett. 21, 113 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Meland, E.

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Menocal, S.

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. W. Fleming, A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Myatt, C. J.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, T.

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, M.

P. Gavrilovic, V. B. Smirnitakii, J. Bisberg, M. O’Neill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Powazinik, W.

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rideout, W.

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Salzman, J.

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Smirnitakii, V. B.

P. Gavrilovic, V. B. Smirnitakii, J. Bisberg, M. O’Neill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tai, S.

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Whalen, M. S.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

M. R. Mathews, K. H. Cameron, R. Wyatt, W. J. Devlin, Electron. Lett. 21, 113 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C. E.

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. M. Jopson, G. Eisenstein, M. S. Whalen, K. L. Hall, U. Koren, J. R. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Tai, K. Kojima, S. Noda, K. Kyuma, K. Hamanaka, T. Nakayama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1328 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Gavrilovic, V. B. Smirnitakii, J. Bisberg, M. O’Neill, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1142 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

W. Rideout, R. Holmstrom, J. LaCourse, E. Meland, W. Powazinik, Electron. Lett. 26, 36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Mathews, K. H. Cameron, R. Wyatt, W. J. Devlin, Electron. Lett. 21, 113 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. W. Fleming, A. Mooradian, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Salzman, R. J. Hawkins, C. E. Zah, S. Menocal, T. P. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 2240 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the traveling-wave ring laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relative output power as a function of the tuned wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-longitudinal-mode spectrum measured by a Fabry–Perot interferometer with a free spectral range of 1 GHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Homodyne beat spectrum with a grating with 600 grooves/mm. The lower trace is the beat signal at 450 MHz. The spike in the upper trace is an artifact at zero frequency. (b) The beat spectrum with a grating with 1200 grooves/mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Shifts in the lasing frequency as a function of the temperature and current.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intracavity power level as a function of the long-pulse current for two values of output power Pout.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Intracavity power level as a function of the cw current for two values of output power Pout.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ g th = α a + 1 L a ln ( 1 x ) ,
x = ( 1 α i ) ,
ν m = m c n a L a + L r ,
P 1 = h ν ( 1 α 1 1 x + L a α a ) ( I I th q ) .

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