Abstract

We report the fixing of a photorefractive grating in KTa1−xNbxO3. The procedure involves the writing of a photorefractive grating in the cubic phase and the cooling of the sample under an applied field into the rhombohedral phase. We discuss possible mechanisms responsible for the effect.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Amodei, D. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 71 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Micheron, J. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. W. McCahon, D. Rytz, G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, B. A. Wechsler, Appl. Opt. 28, 1967 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).
  6. V. Leyva, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 701 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Triebwasser, Phys. Rev. 114, 63 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).
  9. B. I. Halperin, C. M. Varma, Phys. Rev. B 14, 4030 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Yacoby, S. Just, Solid State Commun. 15, 715 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. L. Chase, J. Sokoloff, Solid State Commun. 55, 451 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. P. Levanyuk, V. V. Osipov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 17, 2340 (1976).

1991 (1)

1989 (2)

S. W. McCahon, D. Rytz, G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, B. A. Wechsler, Appl. Opt. 28, 1967 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).

1988 (1)

V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).

1985 (1)

L. L. Chase, J. Sokoloff, Solid State Commun. 55, 451 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

A. P. Levanyuk, V. V. Osipov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 17, 2340 (1976).

B. I. Halperin, C. M. Varma, Phys. Rev. B 14, 4030 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

Y. Yacoby, S. Just, Solid State Commun. 15, 715 (1974).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, J. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. Amodei, D. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

S. Triebwasser, Phys. Rev. 114, 63 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A.

V. Leyva, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 701 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).

Amodei, J.

J. Amodei, D. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bismuth, G.

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. L. Chase, J. Sokoloff, Solid State Commun. 55, 451 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Halperin, B. I.

B. I. Halperin, C. M. Varma, Phys. Rev. B 14, 4030 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Just, S.

Y. Yacoby, S. Just, Solid State Commun. 15, 715 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

Levanyuk, A. P.

A. P. Levanyuk, V. V. Osipov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 17, 2340 (1976).

Leyva, V.

V. Leyva, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 701 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).

McCahon, S. W.

Micheron, F.

F. Micheron, J. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Nadolinskaya, E. G.

V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).

Osipov, V. V.

A. P. Levanyuk, V. V. Osipov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 17, 2340 (1976).

Rytz, D.

Sayano, K.

A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).

Shil’nikov, A. V.

V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).

Sokoloff, J.

L. L. Chase, J. Sokoloff, Solid State Commun. 55, 451 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D.

J. Amodei, D. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Triebwasser, S.

S. Triebwasser, Phys. Rev. 114, 63 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Trotier, J.

F. Micheron, J. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Varma, C. M.

B. I. Halperin, C. M. Varma, Phys. Rev. B 14, 4030 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Vikhnin, V. S.

V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).

Wechsler, B. A.

Yacoby, Y.

Y. Yacoby, S. Just, Solid State Commun. 15, 715 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

V. Leyva, A. Agranat, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 701 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).

Yushin, N. K.

V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Amodei, D. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 71 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

F. Micheron, J. Trotier, Ferroelectrics 8, 441 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. Triebwasser, Phys. Rev. 114, 63 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

B. I. Halperin, C. M. Varma, Phys. Rev. B 14, 4030 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

A. Agranat, V. Leyva, K. Sayano, A. Yariv, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1148, 52 (1989).

Solid State Commun. (2)

Y. Yacoby, S. Just, Solid State Commun. 15, 715 (1974).
[CrossRef]

L. L. Chase, J. Sokoloff, Solid State Commun. 55, 451 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (2)

A. P. Levanyuk, V. V. Osipov, Sov. Phys. Solid State 17, 2340 (1976).

V. S. Vikhnin, E. G. Nadolinskaya, A. V. Shil’nikov, N. K. Yushin, Sov. Phys. Solid State 30, 349 (1988).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temperature dependence of the static dielectric constant and the spontaneous polarization of a KTN sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the photocurrent measured with 514-nm illumination under a 1000-V bias.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency of the grating on cooling the sample with the writing beams blocked from the cubic phase to the rhombohedral phase under a 1000-V bias.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal dependence of the diffraction efficiency from the fixed grating in the rhombohedral phase after it was illuminated with a 514-nm erase beam.

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