Abstract

We demonstrate the technique of self-induced plasma shuttering as a means of suppressing prepulse energy that accompanies high-energy, ultrashort laser pulses. This technique makes possible the generation of clean, high-intensity subpicosecond laser pulses even in the presence of high levels of amplified spontaneous emission from the laser system. Low prepulse energy is important in applications such as the generation of solid-density subpicosecond plasmas.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. M. Murnane, R. W. Falcone, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1573 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, E. M. Campbell, in Digest of Topical Meeting on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 39.
  4. M M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. D. Rosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1229, 160 (1990).
  8. C. E. Max, Physics of the Coronal Plasma in Laser Fusion Targets (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982).
  9. O. L. Landen, D. G. Stearns, E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1475 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. B. Corkum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 216 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Rolland, P. B. Corkum, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1625 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. B. Nikolaus, D. Grischkowsky, A. C. Balant, Opt. Lett. 8, 189 (1983).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (4)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Rosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1229, 160 (1990).

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

1989 (3)

O. L. Landen, D. G. Stearns, E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

M. M. Murnane, R. W. Falcone, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1573 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

P. B. Corkum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 216 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

1977 (1)

Ashkin, A.

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Balant, A. C.

Botineau, J.

Burkhalter, P. G.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Campbell, E. M.

O. L. Landen, D. G. Stearns, E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, E. M. Campbell, in Digest of Topical Meeting on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 39.

Corkum, P. B.

C. Rolland, P. B. Corkum, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1625 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 216 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, R. W. Falcone, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1573 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuhnle, G.

G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Landen, O. L.

O. L. Landen, D. G. Stearns, E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luk, T. S.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, Physics of the Coronal Plasma in Laser Fusion Targets (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982).

McPherson, A.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Moncur, N. K.

Mourou, G.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M M.

M M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, R. W. Falcone, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1573 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, D. J.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Newman, D. A.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Nikolaus, B.

Patterson, F. G.

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, E. M. Campbell, in Digest of Topical Meeting on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 39.

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, E. M. Campbell, in Digest of Topical Meeting on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 39.

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, C. K.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Rolland, C.

Rosen, M. D.

M. D. Rosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1229, 160 (1990).

Schafer, F. P.

G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stearns, D. G.

O. L. Landen, D. G. Stearns, E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolen, R. H.

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Szatmari, S.

G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tsakiris, G. D.

G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Weston, J.

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, E. M. Campbell, in Digest of Topical Meeting on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 39.

Zigler, A.

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Kuhnle, F. P. Schafer, S. Szatmari, G. D. Tsakiris, Appl. Phys. B 47, 361 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. A. Newman, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 35, 1943 (1990).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. B. Corkum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 216 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2417 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 155 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. L. Landen, D. G. Stearns, E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1475 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

M. D. Rosen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1229, 160 (1990).

Other (2)

C. E. Max, Physics of the Coronal Plasma in Laser Fusion Targets (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982).

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, E. M. Campbell, in Digest of Topical Meeting on High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 39.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the experimental apparatus for self-induced plasma shuttering. A high-intensity ultrashort pulse is focused onto a rotating glass target. Any pedestal prepulse energy accompanying the ultrashort pulse passes through the glass, while the primary pulse creates a plasma and reflects from it. The presence of prepulse energy is determined by observing the time duraton of x-ray emissions from a plasma created by the refocused pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

X-ray streak-camera data demonstrating prepulse suppression. Curve (a) is the trace resulting from focusing the pedestal-suppressed pulse onto a silicon target. The ASE pedestal energy from the laser was 15% of the ultrashort pulse energy, in a pulse 5–10 ns long. This trace is of instrument-limited duration, as demonstrated by comparison with curve (b), which is the x-ray emission resulting from similar energy on the target but with 0.1% pedestal energy directly from the laser. In contrast, curve (c) shows the x-ray emission from a 15% ASE pulse of similar energy focused directly onto the target.

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