Abstract

We combine 150-fs holographic gating with specifically adapted electronic holography techniques to produce transmission images of objects embedded in diffusing material. The technique captures, without the use of scanning procedures, complete two-dimensional images with 150-fs temporal resolution, thereby yielding submillimeter spatial resolution through diffusing objects several centimeters thick.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.
  2. J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  3. R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1983); see especially Chap. 3.
  4. M. A. Duguay, A. T. Mattick, Appl. Opt. 10, 2162 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. Hebden, R. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 17, 351 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. See, for example, S. L. Shapiro, ed., Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3.
  8. Y. N. Denisyuk, D. I. Staselko, R. R. Herke, in Proceedings of Conference on Applications of Holography (University of Besançon, Besançon, France, 1970), Sec. 2.1.
  9. N. Abramson, Opt. Lett. 3, 121 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Abramson, Appl. Opt. 22, 215 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. J. Gerritsen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 519, 250 (1984).
  12. K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 10, 131 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

1990

J. C. Hebden, R. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 17, 351 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

1984

H. J. Gerritsen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 519, 250 (1984).

1983

1980

J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978

1971

Abramson, N.

Abramson, N. H.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Antonetti, A.

J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjelkhagen, H.

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Chen, Y.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Denisyuk, Y. N.

Y. N. Denisyuk, D. I. Staselko, R. R. Herke, in Proceedings of Conference on Applications of Holography (University of Besançon, Besançon, France, 1970), Sec. 2.1.

Dilworth, D. S.

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Duguay, M. A.

Fork, R. L.

Gerritsen, H. J.

H. J. Gerritsen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 519, 250 (1984).

Gordon, J. P.

Grillon, G.

J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hebden, J. C.

J. C. Hebden, R. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 17, 351 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herke, R. R.

Y. N. Denisyuk, D. I. Staselko, R. R. Herke, in Proceedings of Conference on Applications of Holography (University of Besançon, Besançon, France, 1970), Sec. 2.1.

Jones, R.

R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1983); see especially Chap. 3.

Kruger, R. A.

J. C. Hebden, R. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 17, 351 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lecarpentier, Y.

J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leith, E. N.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Lopez, J. L.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Martin, J.

J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mattick, A. T.

Rudd, J. V.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Serafin, J.

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spears, K. G.

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staselko, D. I.

Y. N. Denisyuk, D. I. Staselko, R. R. Herke, in Proceedings of Conference on Applications of Holography (University of Besançon, Besançon, France, 1970), Sec. 2.1.

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 10, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

Wykes, C.

R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1983); see especially Chap. 3.

Zhu, X.

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng.

K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, H. Bjelkhagen, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1210 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Focus

J. A. Valdmanis, J. V. Rudd, N. H. Abramson, E. N. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, Laser Focus 27, 111 (1991); “Femtosecond light-in-flight holography,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Med. Biol. Eng. Comput.

J. Martin, Y. Lecarpentier, A. Antonetti, G. Grillon, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 18, 250 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Med. Phys.

J. C. Hebden, R. A. Kruger, Med. Phys. 17, 351 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

H. J. Gerritsen, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 519, 250 (1984).

Other

J. A. Valdmanis, H. Chen, E. N. Leith, Y. Chen, J. L. Lopez, N. H. Abramson, D. S. Dilworth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 54.

R. Jones, C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1983); see especially Chap. 3.

See, for example, S. L. Shapiro, ed., Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3.

Y. N. Denisyuk, D. I. Staselko, R. R. Herke, in Proceedings of Conference on Applications of Holography (University of Besançon, Besançon, France, 1970), Sec. 2.1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The basic system. BS, beam splitter; SF’s, spatial filters; BWL, bandwidth-limiting spatial filter; BC, beam combiner. The tank contains the diffusing medium and the wire objects. The delay line permits timing adjustment between the reference beam and object beam pulses. The lens system enables spatial filtering of the object beam and images the exiting surface of the tank onto the CCD array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the object (three wires) embedded in the diffusing medium. Wire a was in the middle of the tank, and wire b was one third of the distance from the entrance surface to the exiting surface.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results. (a) Object in a clear solution. (b) Object in a diffusing medium as viewed backlighted with the laser beam. (c) Image formed from a single hologram. (d) Image formed by superposition of images from 25 holograms.

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