Abstract

We propose the design of low-loss waveguide Y branches with coherently coupled bends. According to results of beam-propagation simulations, the excess loss of a complete Ti:LiNbO3 Y branch with a nominal half-branching angle of 1° can be as low as −0.18 dB. Similar to the case of other cascaded Y branches, when two coherently coupled Y branches are cascaded, the power distribution at the output varies with the length of the straight connecting waveguide. Details of the Y-branch design that gives low loss and equal power splitting are presented.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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