Abstract

We demonstrate the operation of a quadrature phase-shifted extrinsic Fabry–Perot fiber-optic sensor for the detection of the amplitude and the relative polarity of dynamically varying strain. Two laterally displaced single-mode fibers inserted within a hollow silica tube form the 90° phase-shifted sensing system. A multimode fiber, placed in the tube facing the two fibers, acts as a reflector, thereby creating an air gap that acts as a Fabry–Perot cavity. A theoretical description of the sensor is given, and its operation as a dynamically varying strain sensor is described. Strain sensitivities of 5.54° phase shift/microstrain cm−1 are obtained.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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