Abstract

A stimulated photon echo has been observed from the artificially modulated inhomogeneous distribution of a medium. A cryogenic Eu3+:YAlO3 sample with a quasi-persistent hole lifetime is exposed to a frequency-scanned and intensity-modulated cw laser for multiple hole burning. A coherent burst equivalent to the stimulated photon echo is obtained by triggering this sample by a pulsed laser. We demonstrate further that any desired transient pulse shape can, in principle, be obtained by appropriate frequency-domain programming, which opens the way to a novel type of optical memory.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. See, for example, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii, R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987).
  2. Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Opt. Commun. 29, 181 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Morsink, D. A. Wiersma, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 105 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982); N. W. Carlson, Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1572 (1984); W. R. Babbitt, Y. S. Bai, T. W. Mossberg, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 639, 240 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Saari, R. Kaarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986); A. Rebane, J. Aaviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 93 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Mitsunaga, K. Kubodera, H. Kanbe, Opt. Lett. 11, 339 (1986); M. Mitsunaga, M. K. Kim, E. Xu, R. Kachru, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 754 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. E. Moerner, ed., Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 14, 423 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Mitsunaga, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 15, 195 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1172 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1986 (2)

1983 (1)

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1981 (2)

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1172 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (3)

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Opt. Commun. 29, 181 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Morsink, D. A. Wiersma, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 105 (1979).
[CrossRef]

The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Anijalg, A.

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Opt. Commun. 29, 181 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K.

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Opt. Commun. 29, 181 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, S. R.

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Opt. Commun. 29, 181 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hashi, T.

The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kaarli, R.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986); A. Rebane, J. Aaviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 93 (1989).
[CrossRef]

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kachru, R.

Kanbe, H.

Kim, M. K.

Kubodera, K.

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1172 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii, R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987).

Mitsunaga, M.

Morsink, J. B.

J. B. Morsink, D. A. Wiersma, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 105 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Muramoto, T.

The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, S.

The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986); A. Rebane, J. Aaviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 93 (1989).
[CrossRef]

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Saari, P.

P. Saari, R. Kaarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986); A. Rebane, J. Aaviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 93 (1989).
[CrossRef]

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M

See, for example, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii, R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987).

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1172 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, O.

The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Timpmann, K.

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Uesugi, N.

Wiersma, D. A.

J. B. Morsink, D. A. Wiersma, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 105 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. B. Morsink, D. A. Wiersma, Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 105 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (4)

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

The transient response from an optical hole was reported in ruby by S. Nakanishi, O. Tamura, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 31, 344 (1979); T. Muramoto, S. Nakanishi, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 24, 316 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Opt. Commun. 29, 181 (1979).
[CrossRef]

The frequency-domain retrieval of time-domain data (a pulse train) was reported by A. Rebane, R. Kaarli, P. Saari, A. Anijalg, K. Timpmann, Opt. Commun. 47, 173 (1983); A. K. Rebane, R. K. Kaarli, P. M. Saari, JETP Lett. 38, 383 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1172 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

See, for example, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii, R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987).

W. E. Moerner, ed., Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single hole-burning spectrum for the 7F05D0 transition of Eu3+:YAlO3 (inset) and its transient response signal after the read pulse (lower trace). The upper trace is the numerical Fourier transform of the hole spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Periodic hole-burning spectrum (inset) and its transient response signal after the read pulse, which is mimicking the SPE.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transient response signal after the read pulse when the sample was spectrally programmed beforehand in such a way as to show the ASCII-coded time-domain optical data N (01001110).

Equations (2)

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w ( ω ) = d ω B I ( ω B ) h ( ω , ω B ) ,
S ( t ) = d ω d ω B I ( ω B ) G ( ω ) h ( ω , ω B ) exp ( i ω t - t / T 2 ) ,

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