Abstract

Pulses of 20-TW peak power have been generated at 1064 nm using the chirped-pulse-amplification technique with a 90-mm output-aperture Nd:silicate glass amplification line. This system delivers 60 J of energy in a chirped pulse of 600-psec duration, with a capacity to maintain a 3.5-nm output bandwidth. These chirped pulses are compressed to 1.2 psec with an energy of 24 J by using large holographic gold-coated 1740-lines/mm diffraction gratings.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985); P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. D. Normand, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, Opt. Lett. 15, 1400 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. See, e.g., High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989).
  6. Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.
  7. W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).
  9. For further information on the P102 laser (built in 1974) see J. Vedel, ed., Rapport des activités laser (Centre d’Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, Villeneuve St. Georges, France, 1988).
  10. A. Marechal, Formation des images, Tome 1: Imagerie gèomèrique, Aberrations (Masson, Paris, 1952), p. 160.
  11. F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. Krausz, Ch. Spielmann, T. Brabec, E. Winter, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 15, 737 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. R. Laenen, H. Graener, A. Laubereau, Opt. Lett. 15, 971 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

1990 (5)

1987 (1)

F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985); P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

Brabec, T.

Brun, A.

F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
[Crossref]

Coe, S.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

Ferray, M.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. Normand, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, Opt. Lett. 15, 1400 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Georges, P.

F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gobert, O.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. Normand, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, Opt. Lett. 15, 1400 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Graener, H.

Husson, D.

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Krausz, F.

L’Huillier, A.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. Normand, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, Opt. Lett. 15, 1400 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laenen, R.

Laubereau, A.

Lompré, L. A.

D. Normand, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, Opt. Lett. 15, 1400 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. Normand, M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, Opt. Lett. 15, 1400 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Manus, C.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

Marechal, A.

A. Marechal, Formation des images, Tome 1: Imagerie gèomèrique, Aberrations (Masson, Paris, 1952), p. 160.

Migus, A.

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985); P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

Normand, D.

Patterson, F. G.

Perry, M. D.

Roger, R.

F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
[Crossref]

Rouyer, C.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

Salin, F.

F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

Sanchez, A.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sauteret, C.

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Schmidt, A. J.

Seznec, S.

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Shank, C. V.

Spielmann, Ch.

Squier, J.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

Stolen, R. H.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985); P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[Crossref]

Thiell, G.

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Weston, J.

Winter, E.

Appl. Opt. (1)

F. Salin, P. Georges, R. Roger, A. Brun, Appl. Opt. 21, 4528 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985); P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (6)

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPD-P9.

See, e.g., High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989).

Part of this research was presented by C. Sauteret, D. Husson, S. Seznec, G. Thiell, G. Mainfray, L. A. Lompré, M. Ferray, A. Migus, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 8 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper JMA2.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

For further information on the P102 laser (built in 1974) see J. Vedel, ed., Rapport des activités laser (Centre d’Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, Villeneuve St. Georges, France, 1988).

A. Marechal, Formation des images, Tome 1: Imagerie gèomèrique, Aberrations (Masson, Paris, 1952), p. 160.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement of the master oscillator. Upper part: cw mode-locked Nd:YAG Quantronix laser and injection of the pulse into a 2.5-km fiber (F.O.) Lower part: output of the fiber and regenerative amplifier. A, aperture; M’s, mirrors; L’s, lenses; WP1, quarter-wave plate; H, Nd:silicate head.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse (a) shape and (b) spectrum at the output of the cw mode-locked laser. After traveling through 2.5 km of fiber, the pulses are 600 psec long (c) and have a bandwidth of 3.5 nm (d). They can be compressed to 1.08 psec FWHM, which corresponds to a measured autocorrelation trace of 1.67 psec (e).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Input and regenerative amplifier output spectra without initial spectral pulse shaping. (b) Same as in (a) but with spectral pulse shaping. (c) Fluorescence spectrum of Nd:silicate and the position of the Nd:YAG emission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

20-TW peak-power pulse characteristics. (a), (b) Near-field pattern and spectrum of the 59-J energy incident upon the gratings. (c) Single-shot autocorrelator trace of the 24-J compressed pulse showing a 1.2-psec FWHM (1.85-psec autocorrelation width).

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