Abstract

Stable pulses of less than 150 fsec are generated directly from a tunable cw passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser, through a balance of self-phase modulation in the Ti:sapphire rod and negative group-velocity dispersion produced by a prism pair. After external fiber compression, 50-fsec pulses are obtained at approximately 750 nm.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. F. Moulton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 125 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 14, 686 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Goodberlet, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, P. A. Schulz, Opt. Lett. 14, 1125 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 69.
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP10.
  7. N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Opt. Commun. 77, 49 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWF12; Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Schott Optical Glass Catalog (Mainz, Germany).
  13. W. G. Driscoll, ed., Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), p. 7–101.
  14. F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2476 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.
  19. J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Opt. Lett. 12, 401 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (3)

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Opt. Commun. 77, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (5)

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2476 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 14, 686 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Goodberlet, J. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, P. A. Schulz, Opt. Lett. 14, 1125 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1986 (3)

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Moulton, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 125 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, M.

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Opt. Lett. 12, 401 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coe, S.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.

Fauchet, P. M.

W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2476 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 14, 686 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gong, T.

W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2476 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Goodberlet, J.

Grangier, P.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishida, Y.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Opt. Commun. 77, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWF12; Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

J. D. Kafka, T. Baer, Opt. Lett. 12, 401 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP10.

Keirstead, M. S.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Mourou, G.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.

Nakano, H.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Opt. Commun. 77, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWF12; Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[CrossRef]

New, G. H. C.

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nighan, W. L.

W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2476 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opalinska, M. M.

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roach, D. J.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roskos, H.

U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

Rouyer, C.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.

Rudolph, W.

V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.

Sarukura, N.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Opt. Commun. 77, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWF12; Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[CrossRef]

Schaaf, H. W.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

Schulz, P. A.

Sibbett, W.

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP10.

Spence, D. E.

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP10.

Squier, J.

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.

Stamm, U.

V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. A. R.

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 14, 686 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valdmanis, J. A.

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Watts, M. L.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

Wilhelmi, B.

V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, J. A. R.

Yamamoto, Y.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yanagawa, T.

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, T. Yanagawa, H. Nakano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 229 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Avramopoulos, P. M. W. French, G. H. C. New, M. M. Opalinska, J. R. Taylor, J. A. R. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2469 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Nighan, T. Gong, P. M. Fauchet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2476 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Opt. Commun. 77, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. Petrov, W. Rudolph, U. Stamm, B. Wilhelmi, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1474 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (7)

J. Squier, F. Salin, C. Rouyer, S. Coe, G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP9.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, D. J. Roach, M. S. Keirstead, H. W. Schaaf, T. Baer, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 66.
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWF12; Y. Ishida, N. Sarukura, H. Nakano, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 75.
[CrossRef]

Schott Optical Glass Catalog (Mainz, Germany).

W. G. Driscoll, ed., Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), p. 7–101.

U. Keller, W. H. Knox, H. Roskos, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou, A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 69.
[CrossRef]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CPDP10.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the femtosecond cw passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser system with a fiber compressor. SA, saturable-absorber dye jet; BF, birefringent filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Autocorrelation trace and (b) spectrum of pulses obtained directly from the cavity. The autocorrelation function and spectrum for the sech2 shape are plotted as the open circles and dashed curve, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dependence of the spectral width and pulse width on pumping power. (b) Dependence of output power and center wavelength on pumping power. All data were taken in a fixed alignment. At 10-W pumping power, both stable and unstable mode-locked operation were observed; the data points in parentheses correspond to unstable mode locking.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Autocorrelation trace and (b) spectrum of pulses after fiber compression.

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