Abstract

A single-frequency Er-doped fiber laser that is tunable from 1.52 to 1.58 μm has been constructed. The laser linewidth was determined to be less than 1.6 MHz FWHM by observing the spectrum of the beat between the fiber laser and a 1.523-μm He–Ne laser. The frequency of the fiber laser was locked to several absorption lines of acetylene near 1.53 μm. This research demonstrates the inherent stability of fiber lasers and their potential for use in a wavelength standard for optical communications.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. C. Chung, C. B. Roxlo, Electron. Lett. 24, 1048 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1553 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Barnsley, P. Urquhart, C. Millar, M. Brierley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1339 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. R. Morkel, G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 632- (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 331 (1990); Y. C. Chung, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWD5.
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Varanasi, B. R. P. Bangaru, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 267 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Baldacci, S. Ghersetti, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 183 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

1990 (2)

P. R. Morkel, G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 632- (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 331 (1990); Y. C. Chung, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWD5.
[CrossRef]

1989 (4)

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1984 (1)

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1553 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. Baldacci, S. Ghersetti, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 183 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

P. Varanasi, B. R. P. Bangaru, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Andreadakis, N.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baldacci, A.

A. Baldacci, S. Ghersetti, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 183 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bangaru, B. R. P.

P. Varanasi, B. R. P. Bangaru, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Barnsley, P.

Brierley, M.

Chung, Y. C.

Y. C. Chung, C. B. Roxlo, Electron. Lett. 24, 1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

P. R. Morkel, G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 632- (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ghersetti, S.

A. Baldacci, S. Ghersetti, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 183 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, E.

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kotani, H.

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1553 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. P.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Liao, P. F.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Menocal, S. G.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Millar, C.

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 632- (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1553 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 632- (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rao, K. N.

A. Baldacci, S. Ghersetti, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 183 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Roxlo, C. B.

Y. C. Chung, C. B. Roxlo, Electron. Lett. 24, 1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, Y.

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 331 (1990); Y. C. Chung, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWD5.
[CrossRef]

Tagawa, H.

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1553 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Urquhart, P.

Varanasi, P.

P. Varanasi, B. R. P. Bangaru, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Werner, J.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 331 (1990); Y. C. Chung, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWD5.
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yanagawa, T.

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yasaka, H.

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C. E.

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yanagawa, S. Saito, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 826 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

Y. C. Chung, C. B. Roxlo, Electron. Lett. 24, 1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel, G. J. Cowle, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 632- (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 331 (1990); Y. C. Chung, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWD5.
[CrossRef]

S. G. Menocal, N. Andreadakis, J. S. Patel, J. Werner, C. E. Zah, T. P. Lee, P. F. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 281 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, H. Yasaka, T. Ikegami, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

A. Baldacci, S. Ghersetti, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 68, 183 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

P. Varanasi, B. R. P. Bangaru, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Ohtsu, H. Kotani, H. Tagawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1553 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the Er-doped fiber laser. (b) Diagram of the apparatus for measuring the beat spectrum between the fiber laser and the 1.523-μm He–Ne laser and for detecting absorption lines of acetylene. The second fiber coupler operates as a beam splitter for the mixed signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the frequency fluctuations of the free-running fiber laser using the side of the FP spectrum analyzer transmission peak as a frequency discriminant. A 10-mV change in transmission through the FP spectrum analyzer corresponded to a laser frequency change of approximately 200 kHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Heterodyne beat spectrum between the fiber laser and the He–Ne laser averaged over twenty 50-msec samples with a 100-kHz resolution bandwidth. The beat spectrum is centered at 468 MHz and has a FWHM of 1.6 MHz.

Metrics