Abstract

An all-fiber gyroscope that uses a 1.06-μm multicore Nd-doped fiber source pumped by a laser-diode array is demonstrated. Intensity noise subtraction is used to reduce the excess noise that arises from a source bandwidth limitation. The random walk coefficient is improved by a factor of 3, to 2.5×10-4degh (1-km fiber, 16-cm radius).

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 33 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.
  4. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.
  5. H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.
  6. I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. A. Fesler, M. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 15, 1321 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. C. D. Hobbs, Opt. Photon. News 2(4), 17 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (2)

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. C. D. Hobbs, Opt. Photon. News 2(4), 17 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (4)

I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Fesler, M. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 15, 1321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cho, N. M.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

Craig, S. P.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M.

K. A. Fesler, M. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 15, 1321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.

Duling, I. N.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fesler, K.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.

Fesler, K. A.

Goldberg, L.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, L. Goldberg, Opt. Lett. 15, 33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Haw, T.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

Hobbs, P. C. D.

P. C. D. Hobbs, Opt. Photon. News 2(4), 17 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

K. A. Fesler, M. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 15, 1321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.

Laming, R. I.

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Moeller, R. P.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Po, H.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Shaw, H. J.

K. A. Fesler, M. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 15, 1321 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.

Snitzer, E.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

Taylor, H. F.

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tumminelli, R.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

Villarruel, C. A.

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yurek, A. M.

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Zenteno, L.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1320 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. N. Duling, R. P. Moeller, W. K. Burns, C. A. Villarruel, L. Goldberg, E. Snitzer, H. Po, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 995 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 522 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

P. C. D. Hobbs, Opt. Photon. News 2(4), 17 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, K. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper FDD5.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, B. C. McCollum, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), paper PD5.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, T. Haw, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PD7.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the fiber gyroscope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

1.06-μm output power versus 0.81-μm pump power for an 8-m length of Nd-doped fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical and electronic configuration for the intensity noise subtraction experiment. The noise shown is magnified times 2.5 × 104 for illustration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental data for (a) SNR (phase modulator off) and (b) random walk coefficient (phase modulator on) versus detector current, both with (○) and without (+) noise subtraction. The theoretical curves for shot and excess noise are calculated from Ref. 9.

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