Abstract

We propose what is to our knowledge the first use of a Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber amplifier as a practical amplifier operating at the 1.3-μm band, based on a demonstration of signal amplification and a spectroscopic investigation. The feasibility of the fluoride fiber amplifier is confirmed.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. E. Pedersen, M. Brierley, Electron. Lett. 26, 819 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai, Electron. Lett. 26, 2043 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.
  6. Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Ohishi, S. Sakaguchi, S. Takahashi, Electron. Lett. 22, 1034 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. F. Digonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1991

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. E. Pedersen, M. Brierley, Electron. Lett. 26, 819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai, Electron. Lett. 26, 2043 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. F. Digonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

Y. Ohishi, S. Sakaguchi, S. Takahashi, Electron. Lett. 22, 1034 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1962

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Allain, J. Y.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, L. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brierley, M.

J. E. Pedersen, M. Brierley, Electron. Lett. 26, 819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brierley, M. C.

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Carter, S. F.

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Drexhage, M. G.

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Durteste, Y.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Eyal, M.

M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
[CrossRef]

France, P. W.

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Greenberg, E.

M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

Kitagawa, T.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

Komukai, T.

T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai, Electron. Lett. 26, 2043 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, Y.

T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai, Electron. Lett. 26, 2043 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Moore, M. W.

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Ohishi, S. Sakaguchi, S. Takahashi, Electron. Lett. 22, 1034 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

Parker, J. M.

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. E.

J. E. Pedersen, M. Brierley, Electron. Lett. 26, 819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Quimby, R. S.

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sakaguchi, S.

Y. Ohishi, S. Sakaguchi, S. Takahashi, Electron. Lett. 22, 1034 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

Snitzer, E.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

Spector, N.

M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sugawa, T.

T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai, Electron. Lett. 26, 2043 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Szebesta, D.

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

Y. Ohishi, S. Sakaguchi, S. Takahashi, Electron. Lett. 22, 1034 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

Thompson, B. A.

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vacha, L. J. B.

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J. V.

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, N. Spector, Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Y. Durteste, M. Monerie, J. Y. Allain, H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 626 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, S. T. Davey, R. Wyatt, M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, Electron. Lett. 27, 628 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, B. A. Thompson, R. S. Quimby, L. J. B. Vacha, M. G. Drexhage, Electron. Lett. 24, 28 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Pedersen, M. Brierley, Electron. Lett. 26, 819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugawa, Y. Miyajima, T. Komukai, Electron. Lett. 26, 2043 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, S. Sakaguchi, S. Takahashi, Electron. Lett. 22, 1034 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. J. F. Digonnet, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1788 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. W. France, M. G. Drexhage, J. M. Parker, M. W. Moore, S. F. Carter, J. V. Wright, Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers (Blackie, London, 1990), Chap. 10.
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, G. H. Sigel, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram of Pr3+.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence spectra for the 1G43H5 transition of Pr3+ and for the 4F3/24I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in ZBLAN glass. Inset: fluorescence spectrum measured by 588-nm pumping of Pr3+ in ZBLAN glass. The 1D2 level of Pr3+ was excited by a dye laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain spectrum of the Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pump power dependence of gain at 1.31 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated gain per 100 mW of pumping power. The parameters in the calculation are the core radius and the relative refractive index between the core and cladding.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical Transitions from the 1G4 Level of Pr3+ in ZBLAN

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