Abstract

Efficient frequency conversion of cw mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser radiation using lithium triborate, β-barium borate, and lithium iodate crystals as the nonlinear material is demonstrated. Second-, third-, and fourth-harmonic generation results in tunable blue and ultraviolet radiation down to 205 nm with transform-limited pulses and pulse lengths below 1 ps. Maximum average powers (repetition rate 82 MHz) of 700 mW at 400 nm, 120 mW at 272 nm, and 10 mW at 210 nm were obtained. The effects of group-velocity dispersion have to be taken into account to optimize the different frequency-conversion processes.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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[CrossRef]

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Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Borsutzki, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 52, 55 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Sarukura, Y. Ishida, H. Nakano, Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 814 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Ito, H. Naito, H. Inabe, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3992 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. F. Curley, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Commun. 80, 365 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

P. N. Butcher, D. Cotter, in Cambridge Studies in Modern Physics, P. J. Knight, W. J. Firth, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1990), Vol. 9, pp. 211–225, 303–305.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Second-harmonic tuning curves for LBO, BBO, and LiJO3 used as doubling crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation trace of the second harmonic at a Ti:Al2O3 laser wavelength of 840 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for frequency tripling.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tuning curves for the third- and fourth-harmonic radiation.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Relevant Crystal Parameters for Frequency Conversion for LBO, BBO, and LiJO3a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Group-Velocity Dispersion 1/[vgr(F) − vgr(SH)] in Femtoseconds per Millimeter between the Fundamental and Second Harmonic for Three Different Ti:Al2O3 Laser Wavelengths

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