Abstract

We propose and demonstrate sensitive interferometry that permits the separation of the real and imaginary parts of the nonlinear susceptibility with a femtosecond time resolution by a single measurement. A special reference interferometer compensates for any fluctuations of the fringe and provides high sensitivity to detect a fringe shift as small as 0.025 rad (λ/250) by averaging only 100 shots with a low-repetition-rate laser. This method can be applied to materials with optical anisotropy and/or absorption with high sensitivity. We apply the method to two materials, CS2 and CdSxSe1−x microcrystallite-doped glass.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J.-M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. LaGasse, D. Liu-Wong, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 14, 311 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Cotter, C. N. Ironside, B. J. Ainslie, H. P. Girdlestone, Opt. Lett. 14, 317 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Finlayson, W. C. Banyai, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 675 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2068 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Nomura, T. Kobayashi, Solid State Commun. 73, 425 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Hattori, T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3332 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. H. Auston, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 160.
  11. R. K. Jain, R. C. Lind, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 647 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (1)

T. Hattori, T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Nomura, T. Kobayashi, Solid State Commun. 73, 425 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (4)

1988 (1)

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

J.-M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B. J.

Anderson, K. K.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2068 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 160.

Banyai, W. C.

Cotter, D.

Finlayson, N.

Fujimoto, J. G.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2068 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. LaGasse, D. Liu-Wong, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 14, 311 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girdlestone, H. P.

Halbout, J.-M.

J.-M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, T.

T. Hattori, T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2068 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. LaGasse, D. Liu-Wong, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 14, 311 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ironside, C. N.

Jain, R. K.

Kalpouzos, C.

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Hattori, T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Nomura, T. Kobayashi, Solid State Commun. 73, 425 (1990).
[CrossRef]

LaGasse, M. J.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2068 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. LaGasse, D. Liu-Wong, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 14, 311 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lind, R. C.

Liu-Wong, D.

Lotshaw, W. T.

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

McMorrow, D.

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, S.

S. Nomura, T. Kobayashi, Solid State Commun. 73, 425 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Olbright, G. R.

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, C. T.

Stegeman, G. I.

Tang, C. L.

J.-M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2068 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Olbright, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1184 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Halbout, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 765 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, G. A. Kenney-Wallace, Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Hattori, T. Kobayashi, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Solid State Commun. (1)

S. Nomura, T. Kobayashi, Solid State Commun. 73, 425 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. H. Auston, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 160.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the femtosecond time-resolved Mach–Zehnder interferometer. BS’s, beam splitters; MCPD, multichannel photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Histogram of the observed phase change in CS2 corrected over 100 shots. The solid and dashed curves correspond to the cases with and without references, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transient phase change (Δϕ) in CS2. The polarizations of the pump and probe light were (a) parallel and (b) perpendicular to each other.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transient phase change Δϕ and (b) the normalized transmittance change ΔT/T (solid curve) obtained by the present method in CdSxSe1−x-doped glass. The filled circles in (b) show ΔT/T by a conventional pump-probe absorbance change measurement using only the sample arm of the interferometer.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( x ) = [ E 1 2 + E 2 2 + 2 E 1 E 2 cos ( k 0 x - ϕ 0 ) ] × exp ( - x 2 / a 2 ) .
I ˜ ( k ) = a / 2 { ( E 1 2 + E 2 2 ) exp ( - a 2 k 2 / 4 ) + E 1 E 2 exp [ - a 2 ( k - k 0 ) 2 / 4 ] exp ( - i ϕ 0 ) + E 1 E 2 exp [ - a 2 ( k + k 0 ) 2 / 4 ] exp ( i ϕ 0 ) } .
Δ ϕ = ( ϕ pro ex - ϕ ref ex ) - ( ϕ pro ne - ϕ ref ne ) ,
Δ T T = [ ( E 1 E 2 ) pro , ex 2 ( E 1 E 2 ) ref , ex 2 - ( E 1 E 2 ) pro , ne 2 ( E 1 E 2 ) ref , ne 2 ] / [ ( E 1 E 2 ) pro , ne 2 ( E 1 E 2 ) ref , ne 2 ] ,

Metrics