Abstract

Colliding-pulse mode-locked lasers are an excellent source of ultrashort pulses but exhibit timing jitter that can seriously degrade the temporal resolution in experiments that require synchronization to an external source. We describe a method that synchronizes the colliding-pulse mode-locked laser to a high-stability external oscillator by actively controlling the cavity length of the laser and reduces the absolute timing jitter from ~25 ps rms to only 1.7 ps over the 1-kHz bandwidth, which contains most of the laser phase noise. By using this method, the repetition rate of the laser pulses is held constant at 100 MHz.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Valdmanis, in Measurement of High-Speed Signals in Solid State Devices, R. B. Marcus, ed., Vol. 28 of Semiconductors and Semimetals (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990), pp. 135–219.
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. J. Weingarten, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988), Chap. 9, p. 474.
  7. M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Phase noise characterization of microwave oscillators: phase detector method, Hewlett-Packard product note 11729B-1 (1984).

1991 (1)

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Greene, B. I.

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, G. T.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heutmaker, M. S.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988), Chap. 9, p. 474.

Li, K. D.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rodwell, M. J.

M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. R.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Valdmanis, J. A.

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Valdmanis, in Measurement of High-Speed Signals in Solid State Devices, R. B. Marcus, ed., Vol. 28 of Semiconductors and Semimetals (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990), pp. 135–219.
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, K. J. Weingarten, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Weingarten, M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 198 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Harvey, M. S. Heutmaker, P. R. Smith, M. C. Nuss, U. Keller, J. A. Valdmanis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 295 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Valdmanis, R. L. Fork, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 112 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988), Chap. 9, p. 474.

J. A. Valdmanis, in Measurement of High-Speed Signals in Solid State Devices, R. B. Marcus, ed., Vol. 28 of Semiconductors and Semimetals (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990), pp. 135–219.
[CrossRef]

Phase noise characterization of microwave oscillators: phase detector method, Hewlett-Packard product note 11729B-1 (1984).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CPM laser mirror control circuit: the feedback circuit that controls the motion of the CPM laser cavity high-reflector end mirror for pulse timing stabilization. The piezoelectric translator (PZT) is contained within a translation device consisting of a pair of linear ball bearings and a closely matched precision shaft.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

CPM single-sideband phase noise spectral density. Dotted curve, loop off (rf spectrum analyzer); solid curve, loop on (rf spectrum analyzer); short-dashed curve, loop on (homodyne measurement); long-dashed curve, specified noise of reference oscillator.

Equations (2)

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δ t = 1 ( 2 π f l ) [ 2 f = 1 / 4 Δ T f upper L 1 ( f ) d f ] 1 / 2 .
δ t = δ L 2 π L f m ,

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